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Table 6 Comparison of prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension in China and other countries

From: Prevalence, awareness, medication, control, and risk factors associated with hypertension in Yi ethnic group aged 50 years and over in rural China: the Yunnan minority eye study

Study (author/s) Project site Sample (n) Year of study Age Hypertension
Prevalence Awareness Treatment Control
The present study Rural Southwest China 2,208 2012 ≥50 37% 24.8% 78.1%a (27.5%b) 26.1%c (7.2%d)
Wu Y et al. [3] Rural and urban China 141,892 2002 ≥18 18% 25% 80%a (20%b) 24%c (5%d)
Zhang J et al. [22] Rural Southwest China 2133 2010 ≥50 40.0% 28.4% 86.7%a (24.6%b) 30.0%c (7.5%d)
Meng XJ et al. [16] Urban Northeast China 25,196 (n = 4825) 2010 18-74 (≥45)# 28.7% 47.5%# 42.9% 48.1%# 65.7% (28.2%b) 70.3%a (27.4%b) # 12.9%c(3.7%d) 12.1%c (4.7%d) #
Huang J et al. [20] Rural Southeast China 5,350 * 0-100 (≥ 50)# 36.09% 54.6%# 28.85%* * *
Porapakkham Y et al. [21] Thailand 19,374 2004 ≥60 51.1% 43.9% 36.1%a (8.5%b) 10.6%c (1.7%d)
Angell SY et al. [18] New York City, USA 1,975 (n = 787) 2004 ≥20 (≥45)# 25.6% 40.6%# 75% 85.7%# 62.5% 75.0%a # 43.6%48.8%c #
Wang J et al. [4] Chinese adults 50,171 2014 ≥18 (≥60)# 29.6% 58.2%# 42.6% 62%# 34.1%b 54.5%b# 27.4%c (9.3%d) 27.8%c (14.8%d) #
Burt VL et al. [19] USA 9,901 1988-1991 ≥18 24% 69% 53%a 45%c (24%d)
Costanzo S et al. [17] London (England) 1,604 2001 26-65 20.8% 44% 32.1%a 47.7%c
Limburg (Belgium)   2002   23.6%   42.5%a 43%c
Abruzzo (Italy)   2003   28.8%   43.5%a 42%c
Yang J et al. [5] Rural 8,359 1991 35-74 20.4% 15.0% 8.9%b 3.3%d
  Eastern 18,922 2002   24.5% 49.0% 38.8%b 6.3%d
  China 20,167 2007   30.6% 52.4% 38.3%b 7.2%d
  1. aThe proportion of hypertensive patients who took antihypertensive medications among hypertensive patients aware of their conditions.
  2. bThe proportion of hypertensive patients who took antihypertensive medications among all the hypertensive patients.
  3. cThe proportion of hypertensive patients who had their HBP controlled among hypertensive patients receiving medical treatment for hypertension.
  4. dThe proportion of hypertensive patients who had their HBP controlled among all the hypertensive patients.
  5. *Denotes the information was not available.
  6. #Adjusted for age (45+).