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Table 1 Characteristics of the study sample consisting of 300 men and 323 women from the general population in northern Sweden who were occupationally active at baseline and at the 5-year follow-up

From: Work situation and self-perceived economic situation as predictors of change in burnout – a prospective general population-based cohort study

Variable Baseline (2004) 5-year follow-up (2009) P-valuea
Age, mean (SD) 43.6 (9.5) 48.6 (9.5)  
SMBQ score, mean (SD) 2.86 (0.91) 2.71 (1.05) <0.001
SMBQ score > 4.0, N (%) 74/623 (11.8) 82/623 (13.2) 0.37
Marital status, N (%)    
  Married or cohabiting 493/609 (81.0) 501/609 (82.3)  
  Unmarried, divorced or widowed 116/609 (19.0) 108/609 (17.7) 0.36
Living with children, N (%)    
  Yes 362/610 (59.3) 312/610 (51.1)  
  No 248/610 (40.7) 298/610 (48.9) <0.001
Social support (integration), N (%)    
  High 389/577 (67.4) 374/577 (64.8)  
  Low 188/577 (32.6) 203/577 (35.2) 0.24
Education, N (%)    
  University or similar 232/620 (37.4) 236/620 (38.1)  
  Other 388/620 (62.6) 384/620 (61.9) 0.45
Socioeconomic index (SEI), N (%)    
  Blue-collar 243/621 (39.1) 233/621 (37.5)  
  White-collar 320/621 (51.5) 344/621 (55.4)  
  Self-employed 58/621 (9.3) 44/621 (7.1) 0.001
Number of work hours, N (%)    
  Full-time 510/601 (84.9) 507/601 (84.4)  
  Part-time (<35 hours per week) 91/601 (15.1) 94/601 (15.6) 0.76
Demand at work, N (%)    
  Low 428/605 (70.7) 405/605 (66.9)  
  High 177/605 (29.3) 200/605 (33.0) 0.07
Control at work, N (%)    
  High 475/607 (78.3) 470/607 (77.4)  
  Low 132/607 (21.7) 137/607 (22.6) 0.65
Job strain, N (%)    
  No 563/595 (94.6) 554/595 (93.1)  
  Yes 32/595 (5.4) 41/595 (6.9) 0.23
Risk for unemployment, N (%)    
  Low 544/603 (90.2) 541/603 (89.7)  
  High 59/603 (9.8) 62/603 (10.3) 0.73
New job possibilities, N (%)    
  Yes 351/609 (57.6) 293/609 (48.1)  
  No 258/609 (42.4) 316/609 (51.9) <0.001
Perceived economic situation, N (%)    
  Satisfied 454/617 (73.6) 405/617 (65.6)  
  Dissatisfied 163/617 (26.4) 212/617 (34.4) <0.001
  1. SMBQ = Shirom Melamed Burnout Questionnaire, score range 1–7.
  2. aP-value for changes between 2004 and 2009.