Skip to main content

Table 2 Smoking-related characteristics of study participants

From: Motivation to quit smoking among HIV-positive smokers in Vietnam

Smoking-related characteristics Total Motivated to quit p-value
Yes (n = 243) No (n = 166)
Age at smoking initiation, mean (sd) 17.0 (4.1) 17.2 (3.8) 16.8 (4.4) 0.38
Number of cigarettes per day, % (n)     
<10 62 (250) 63 (152) 59 (98)  
11-20 35 (141) 33 (79) 37 (62) 0.84
21-30 2 (6) 2 (4) 1 (2)  
>30 1 (5) 1 (3) 1 (2)  
Duration of regular smoking in years, mean (sd) 13.3 (8.1) 13.2 (7.9) 12.5 (8.6) 0.79
Smoke within 5 min of waking, % (n) 27 (109) 25 (61) 29 (48) 0.54
FTND score, mean (sd) 3.6 (2.1) 3.6 (2.1) 3.8 (2.2) 0.38
Nicotine dependence level, % (n)     
Very low 34 (140) 34 (82) 35 (58)  
Low 33 (136) 35 (84) 31 (52)  
Moderate 12 (50) 14 (34) 10 (16) 0.40
High 15 (62) 14 (33) 18 (29)  
Very high 5 (21) 4 (10) 7 (11)  
Quit attempts within the last 12 months, % (n) 33 (135) 50 (122) 8 (13) <0.01
Plan to quit, % (n)     
Within 30 days (1 month)   24 (58)   
1 to 3 months from now   42 (103)   
3 to 6 months from now NA 8 (19) NA  
6 to 12 months from now   4 (9)   
1 or more years from now   1 (3)   
Don’t know   21 (51)   
Preferences for cessation support, n (%)     
Health staff support   3 (7)   
Family support   6 (15)   
Friend/peer support   1 (3)   
Using Nicotine replacement therapy NA 13 (31) NA  
Using herbs   1 (2)   
Using acupuncture   1 (3)   
Use mobile phone   0 (1)   
Self-help   63 (154)