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Table 2 Association of meeting physical activity guidelines, regular leisure-time exercise and high level of sedentary behavior

From: Patterns of physical activity and sedentary behavior in a representative sample of a multi-ethnic South-East Asian population: a cross-sectional study

  Meeting physical activity guidelines Regular leisure-time exercise High level of sedentary behavior
  PR 95% CI P value PR 95% CI P value PR 95% CI P value
    0.03    <0.001    <0.001
Age Group          
18 - 29 years 1.00    1.00    1.00   
30 - 39 years 0.86 (0.75–0.98) 0.030 0.62 (0.45–0.86) 0 0.90 (0.67–1.20) 0.500
40 - 49 years 0.79 (0.68–0.90) 0 0.66 (0.48–0.91) 0.010 0.89 (0.66–1.20) 0.500
50 - 59 years 0.78 (0.66–0.93) 0.01 0.73 (0.52–1.01) 0.060 0.80 (0.54–1.20) 0.300
60 - 79 years 0.74 (0.61–0.91) 0 0.72 (0.48–1.10) 0.130 0.73 (0.46–1.13) 0.160
Gender          
Male 1.00       1   
Female 1.00 (0.92–1.09) 0.900 0.63 (0.51–0.76) <0.001 1.11 (0.93–1.33) 0.250
Race/ethnicity          
Chinese 1.00    1.00    1.00   
Malay 1.03 (0.96–1.10) 0.400 0.06 (0.75–1.23) 0.760 0.83 (0.70–0.99) 0.040
Indian 1.03 (0.95–1.10) 0.500 1.09 (0.86–1.38) 0.500 1.00 (0.84–1.18) 1.000
Others 1.16 (1.02–1.32) 0.020 1.03 (0.68–1.58) 0.900 1.10 (0.84–1.42) 0.500
Highest level of education attained          
Secondary and below 1.00    1.00    1.00   
GCE O/N level 0.94 (0.83–1.05) 0.300 1.69 (1.22–2.33) 0 1.35 (0.99–1.84) 0.060
GCE A/diploma/professional qualification 0.97 (0.84–1.13) 0.700 2.08 (1.45–2.99) <0.001 1.21 (0.83–1.76) 0.300
Polytechnic/University and Above 0.92 (0.81–1.05) 0.200 2.00 (1.40–2.84) <0.001 1.30 (0.90–1.88) 0.160
Marital status          
Not currently married 1.00    1.00    1.00   
Currently married 1.03 (0.81–1.05) 0.200 0.86 (0.66–1.11) 0.240 0.93 (0.71–1.20) 0.600
Employment status          
Full-time employment (work/student/national service) 1.00    1.00    1.00   
Not full-time employment 1.03 (0.92–1.17) 0.600 1.45 (1.10–1.92) 0.01 0.65 (0.44–0.97) 0.030
Monthly household income over the last 12 months          
Below S$ 2,000 1.00    1.00    1.00   
S$ 2,000 to 3,999 0.96 (0.87–1.07) 0.500 0.94 (0.69–1.27) 0.680 1.29 (0.89–1.87) 0.180
S$ 4,000 to 5,999 0.90 (0.80–1.02) 0.100 1.08 (0.79–1.49) 0.630 1.46 (0.99–2.15) 0.060
S$ 6,000 and above 0.84 (0.74–0.97) 0.010 1.31 (0.95–1.81) 0.090 1.49 (0.99–2.24) 0.050