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Table 2 Changes in quitplan.com participant characteristics (N = 1373)

From: Seizing an opportunity: increasing use of cessation services following a tobacco tax increase

Characteristic June–August 2012 (n = 478) June–August 2013 (n = 895) p-value
N % N %
Gender 0.614
Male 171 35.8 308 34.4  
Female 307 64.2 587 65.6  
Education 0.543
Less than high school 17 3.6 31 3.6  
High school grad or GED 95 20.4 189 21.7  
Some college/trade school 155 33.3 314 36.1  
College graduate 199 42.7 337 38.7  
Race 0.307
White 435 94.8 793 94.1  
Black or African American 10 2.2 27 3.2  
Asian 6 1.3 12 1.4  
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander 2 0.4 0 0.0  
American Indian or Alaskan Native 6 1.3 11 1.3  
Ethnicity 0.427
No 457 98.5 824 97.9  
Yes 7 1.5 18 2.1  
Insurance 0.065
Uninsured 120 25.6 191 21.7  
Medicaid (includes Medical Assistance and Prepaid Medical Assistance Program) 19 4.1 42 4.8  
Medicare 12 2.6 43 4.9  
Private 250 53.3 468 53.2  
Other government (General Assistance or MinnesotaCare) 4 0.9 21 2.4  
Other; unknown 64 13.6 115 13.1  
Has health insurance 0.107
No 120 25.6 191 21.7  
Yes 349 74.4 689 78.3  
Sexual orientation 0.458
Heterosexual 427 93.0 795 92.3  
Homosexual 17 3.7 26 3.0  
Bisexual 10 2.2 24 2.8  
Transgender 0 0.0 5 0.6  
Other 5 1.1 11 1.3  
Cigarettes per day 0.240
None 108 22.6 194 21.7  
Low (<10) 73 15.3 116 13.0  
Moderate (10 to 19) 143 29.9 314 35.1  
Heavy (20+) 154 32.2 271 30.3  
Time to first cigarette 0.022
Within 5 minutes after waking 112 30.3 219 31.2  
6 to 30 minutes after waking 131 35.4 300 42.8  
31 to 60 minutes after waking 86 23.2 117 16.7  
>60 minutes after waking 41 11.1 65 9.3  
Quit status at intake 0.529
No; currently using tobacco 382 81.4 728 82.8  
Yes 87 18.6 151 17.2  
Quit confidence at intake 0.642
Low (1–5) 194 41.3 340 38.7  
Moderate (6–8) 189 40.2 372 42.3  
High (9–10) 87 18.5 167 19.0  
Quit motivation at intake 0.113
Low (1–5) 44 9.4 83 9.4  
Moderate (6–8) 222 47.2 365 41.5  
High (9–10) 204 43.4 431 49.0  
Employment 0.394
Full-time 297 63.5 589 67.9  
Part-time 65 13.9 107 12.3  
Unemployed/laid-off 39 8.3 58 6.7  
Not looking for work 67 14.3 113 13.0  
Average age (stddev) 35.4 (11.4) 38.2 (11.6) 0.000