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Table 2 Baseline intermediate clinical outcomes, chronic care study, 2011 (N = 193†)

From: Characteristics of Indigenous adults with poorly controlled diabetes in north Queensland: implications for services

  Aboriginal Torres Strait Islander Overall P-value
Median (interquartile range) HbA1c 10.9 (9.6-12.1) 11.0 (9.7-12.4) 10.9 (9.7-12.2) 0.38
Hypertension diagnosed (%) 75 (78) 71 (74) 146 (76) 0.50
Mean (95% CI) systolic BP (mmHg) 131.0 (126.9-135.2) 131.6 (127.6-135.7) 131.3 (128.5-134.2) 0.84
Mean (95% CI) diastolic BP (mmHg) 80.0 (77.8-82.3) 78.8 (76.5-81.1) 79.4 (77.8-81.0) 0.44
Hypertension diagnosed and normal BP‡ (%) 38 (51) 39 (55) 77 (53) 0.61
Albuminuria (%) 56 (76) 47 (73) 103 (75) 0.76
Median (interquartile range) estimated glomerular filtration rate (ml/min/1.73 m2) 103.9 (88.6-111.4) 94.7 (77.1-115.7) 100.6 (80.9-113.0) 0.27
Chronic kidney disease stage     0.08
  Normal renal function 17 (24) 19 (29) 36 (27)  
  Stage 1 (%) 35 (49) 21 (32) 56 (41)  
  Stage 2 (%) 15 (21) 14 (22) 29 (21)  
  Stage 3 (%) 4 (6) 11 (17) 15 (11)  
  Total 71 65 136  
Mean (95% CI) total cholesterol (mmol/L) 4.7 (4.4-5.0) 4.6 (4.3-4.9) 4.6 (4.4-4.8) 0.53
Total cholesterol <4 mmol/L (%) 25 (31) 27 (38) 52 (34) 0.38
Mean (95% CI) high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (mmol/L) 0.90 (0.85-0.95) 1.05 (0.77-1.3) 0.98 (0.83-1.12) 0.32
High-density lipoprotein cholesterol ≥1 mmol/L (%) 25 (38) 18 (26) 43 (32) 0.13
Mean total cholesterol: HDL ratio (95% CI) 5.3 (4.9-5.7) 5.3 (4.9-5.7) 5.3 (5.0-5.6) 0.88
Median (interquartile range) triglyceride (mmol/L) 2.2 (1.5-3.5) 1.7 (1.1-2.8) 2.0 (1.2-3.1) 0.02
Triglyceride <1.5 mmol/L (%) 19 (24) 33 (46) 52 (35) 0.004
Dyslipidaemia (%) 78 (98) 66 (93) 144 (95) 0.19
Taking insulin (%) 35 (36) 43 (44) 78 (40) 0.27
Monitors own blood sugar (%) 45 (47) 37 (39) 82 (43) 0.22
Adherent to all medications (%) 46 (48) 31 (32) 77 (40) 0.02
Prescribed anti-hypertensive medication if diagnosis of hypertension (%) 67 (89) 67 (94) 134 (92) 0.27
Albuminuria and prescribed renin-angiotensin inhibitors (%) 45 (80) 42 (89) 87 (85) 0.13
Prescribed lipid lowering medication (%) 77 (80) 68 (70) 145 (75) 0.10
  1. †Missing data: Systolic and Diastolic BP 9, Hypertension diagnosed 1, Albuminuria 55, CKD 54 (3 CKD stage 4 not included), TC 42, HDL-C 59, TG 43, Dyslipidaemia 42, monitors blood sugar 2, sometimes miss medication 9.
  2. ‡Defined as <140/90.