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Table 4 IYCF knowledge among frontline workers by region and survey year

From: Assessing implementation fidelity of a community-based infant and young child feeding intervention in Ethiopia identifies delivery challenges that limit reach to communities: a mixed-method process evaluation study

  2010 2013
Indicators Percent Percent
  Tigray SNNPR Tigray SNNPR
Supervisor knows: (n = 25) (n = 48) (n = 25) (n = 46)
Putting the baby on breast immediately or <1 h after birth 92.0 89.4 96.0 97.9
Giving colostrum to the baby 92.0 97.9 100.0 95.7
Not giving water, even in hot weather 96.0 89.4 100.0 95.7
Breastfeeding the baby on demand/cue 56.0 63.8 92.0 76.1
Breastfeeding more often if mother thinks baby is not getting enough milk 56.0 48.9 84.0 63.0
 BF knowledge score range (5 total items) 2-5 1-5 3-5 2-5
BF knowledge score (mean, SD) 3.9 (0.8) 3.9 (0.9) 4.7 (0.5) 4.3 (0.9)
Introducing complementary foods at 6 mo 100.0 95.7 92.0 95.7
Problem of gruel that is too thin 68.0 55.3 96.0 76.1
Adding egg or special foods to baby’s porridge 28.0 12.8 72.0 37.0
No. of times children aged 12–23 mo need complementary foods 92.9 100.0 100.0 94.7
 CF knowledge score range (4 total items) 1-4 1-3 1-4 1-4
CF knowledge score (mean, SD) 2.4 (0.7) 2.0 (0.7) 3.4 (0.8) 2.5 (0.8)
  Tigray SNNPR Tigray SNNPR
HEW knows: (n = 25) (n = 48) (n = 40) (n = 93)
Putting the baby on breast immediately or <1 h after birth 84.0 91.7 100 98.9
Giving colostrum to the baby 88.0 89.6 87.5 78.5
Not giving water, even in hot weather 92.0 91.5 97.5 97.8
Breastfeeding the baby on demand/cue 64.0 58.3 72.5 74.2
Breastfeeding more often if mother thinks baby is not getting enough milk 52.0 41.7 55.0 55.9
 BF knowledge score range (5 total items) 1-5 2-5 2-5 2-5
BF knowledge score (mean, SD) 3.8 (0.9) 3.7 (0.9) 4.0 (0.9) 4.0 (0.8)
Introducing complementary foods at 6 mo 96.0 97.9 95 93.6
Problem of gruel that is too thin 92.0 66.7 77.5 83.9
Adding egg or special foods to baby’s porridge 20.0 14.9 57.5 50.5
No. of times children aged 12–23 mo need complementary foods 100.0 84.6 100.0 97.0
 CF knowledge score range (4 total items) 1-4 1-3 1-4 1-4
CF knowledge score (mean, SD) 2.7 (0.7) 2.0 (0.7) 3.1 (0.9) 3.0 (0.8)
  Tigray SNNPR Tigray SNNPR
Volunteer knows: (n = 25) (n = 48) (n = 104) (n = 196)
Putting the baby on breast immediately or <1 h after birth 92.3 100.0 88.5 93.4
Giving colostrum to the baby 88.5 87.8 85.6 78.6
Not giving water, even in hot weather 69.2 71.4 82.5 81.3
Breastfeeding the baby on demand/cue 65.4 56.3 56.7 57.7
Breastfeeding more often if mother thinks baby is not getting enough milk 19.2 34.7 32.7 35.7
 BF knowledge score range (5 total items) 0-5 0-5 0-5 1-5
BF knowledge score (mean, SD) 3.3 (1.2) 3.3 (1.2) 3.5 (1.1) 3.4 (1.1)
Introducing complementary foods at 6 mo 76.0 72.9 97.1 98.5
Problem of gruel that is too thin 76.0 64.6 70.2 62.8
Adding egg or special foods to baby’s porridge 12.0 4.1 42.3 43.9
No. of times children aged 12–23 mo need complementary foods 93.3 100.0 95.9 99.1
 CF knowledge score range (4 total items) 0-3 0-4 1-4 1-4
CF knowledge score (mean, SD) 2.1 (0.7) 1.7 (0.9) 2.8 (0.9) 2.6 (0.9)