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Table 5 Determinants of stunting in children 6–59 months - adjusted odds ratio, Upper Egypt 2005 (N = 3893) and 2008 (N = 2708)

From: The rise in stunting in relation to avian influenza and food consumption patterns in Lower Egypt in comparison to Upper Egypt: results from 2005 and 2008 Demographic and Health Surveys

Factor Adjusted OR 2005 P-value 95% CI Adjusted OR 2008 P-value 95% CI
Residence
Urban (ref)       
Rural 1.198 0.319 0.840 1.710 0.933 0.678 0.672, 1.295
Age of child
6-11 months (ref)       
12-23 months 1.494 0.006 1.122, 1.991 2.616 <0.001 1.728, 3.960
24-35 months 1.047 .773 .764, 1.436 1.648 0.022 1.074, 2.527
36-47 months 0.976 .883 .701, 1.357 1.570 0.043 1.014. 2.430
48-59 months 1.053 .795 .714, 1.551 1.833 0.018 1.109, 3.030
Sex of child
Females (ref)       
Males 1.223 .044 1.005, 1.487 1.077 0.536 0.851, 1.365
Wealth Quintile
Poorest (ref)       
Poorer 0.599 <.001 0.462,0 .778 0.879 0.335 0.677, 1.142
Middle 0.603 0.001 0.448, 0.813 0.656 0.014 0.469, .919
Richer 0.481 0.001 0.315, 0.733 0.686 0.095 0.441, 1.068
Richest 0.463 0.008 0.263, 0.815 0.519 0.013 0.310, 0.868
Perceived size of child at birth
Very small or Small 1.444 0.006 1.112, 1.875 1.475 0.007 1.114, 1.954
Average or Larger (ref)       
Birth Intervals
<24 months 0.983 0.904 0.746, 1.296 0.804 0.210 0.571, 1.132
24-35 months 1.066 0.648 0.810, 1.402 0.774 0.112 0.565, 1.061
36-47 months (ref)       
48+ months 0.814 0.191 0.598, 1.108 0.666 0.008 0.495,0.897
Avian influenza
Household ownership of poultry/birds 0.943 0.572 0.769, 1.157 1.185 0.182 0.923, 1.522
  1. Significant predictors bold-faced, p-values.