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Table 21 Current cigar smoking and stroke

From: Systematic review of cigar smoking and all cause and smoking related mortality

Study Cohort name Cigar smoker deaths Effect estimate 95% CI Measure Primary/secondary* Adjustment ICD codes
Current Cigar
Kahn1966 Dorn study 135 1.08 (0.91, 1.28) SMR   Age ICD 7: 330-334
Shanks1998 CPS-I 431 0.96 (0.87, 1.06) IRR Primary Age  
Shanks1998 CPS-I 133 0.92 (0.77, 1.09) IRR Secondary Age  
Current Cigar and/or Pipe
Haheim1996 Oslo study 7 3.6 (1.05, 12.30) HR   Age, blood pressure/hypertension, fasting glucose/diabetes ICD 8, 9: 430-438
  1. *Primary cigar smoking: current, exclusive cigar smoking with no previous history of cigarette or pipe smoking; primary cigar and/or pipe smoking: current, exclusive cigar and/or pipe smoking with no previous history of cigarette smoking; secondary cigar smoking: current, exclusive cigar smoking with previous history of cigarette or pipe smoking; secondary cigar and/or pipe smoking: current, exclusive cigar and/or pipe smoking with previous history of cigarette smoking.