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Table 19 Current cigar smoking and coronary heart disease

From: Systematic review of cigar smoking and all cause and smoking related mortality

Study Cohort name Cigar smoker deaths Effect estimate 95% CI Measure Primary/secondary* Adjustment ICD codes
Current Cigar
Kahn1966 Dorn study 623 1.04 (0.96, 1.13) SMR   Age ICD 7: 420
Carstensen1987 Swedish Census Cohort 42 1.16 (0.84, 1.57) SMR   Age, residence ICD 8: 410-414
Ben-Shlomo1994 Whitehall study 4 0.45 (0.17, 1.22) IRR Primary Age ICD 8: 410-414
Ben-Shlomo1994 Whitehall study 42 0.91 (0.65, 1.27) IRR Secondary Age ICD 8: 410-414
Shanks1998 CPS-I 1505 1.05 (1.00, 1.11) IRR Primary Age  
Shanks1998 CPS-I 609 1.09 (1.01, 1.18) IRR Secondary Age  
Jacobs1999 CPS-II (age 30–74 years) 98 1.30 (1.05, 1.62) HR Primary Age, BMI, blood pressure/hypertension, alcohol consumption, education, exercise level, environmental tob smoke, vit C supplements ICD 9: 410-414
Jacobs1999 CPS-II (age 75+ years) 64 0.93 (0.72, 1.21) HR Primary Age, BMI, blood pressure/hypertension, alcohol consumption, education, exercise level, environmental tob smoke, vit C supplements ICD 9: 410-414
Current Cigar and/or Pipe
Jajich1984 Cook County, IL 32 1.67 (1.11, 2.50) IRR    
Wald1997 British United Provident Association 33 0.98 (0.67, 1.44) HR Primary Age ICD 9: 410-414
Wald1997 British United Provident Association 25 1.29 (0.88, 1.99) HR Secondary Age ICD 9: 410-414
  1. *Primary cigar smoking: current, exclusive cigar smoking with no previous history of cigarette or pipe smoking; primary cigar and/or pipe smoking: current, exclusive cigar and/or pipe smoking with no previous history of cigarette smoking; secondary cigar smoking: current, exclusive cigar smoking with previous history of cigarette or pipe smoking; secondary cigar and/or pipe smoking: current, exclusive cigar and/or pipe smoking with previous history of cigarette smoking.