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Table 15 Current cigar smoking and lung cancer

From: Systematic review of cigar smoking and all cause and smoking related mortality

Study Cohort name Sex Cigar smoker deaths Effect estimate 95% CI Measure Primary/secondary* Adjustment ICD codes
Current Cigar
Kahn1966 Dorn study   25 1.59 (1.03, 2.35) SMR   Age ICD 7: 162-163
Carstensen1987 Swedish Census Cohort   11 7.6 (3.77, 13.65) SMR   Age, residence ICD 8: 162
Lange1992 Copenhagen City Heart Study Men 47 6 (2.20, 17.00) HR   Age ICD 8: 162
Lange1992 Copenhagen City Heart Study Women 14 4.9 (3.00,12.00) HR   Age ICD 8: 162
Ben-Shlomo1994 Whitehall study   1 1.8 (0.24, 13.31) IRR Primary Age ICD 8: 162
Ben-Shlomo1994 Whitehall study   20 7.64 (4.22, 13.83) IRR Secondary Age ICD 8: 162
Shanks1998 CPS-I   73 2.1 (1.63, 2.65) IRR Primary Age  
Shanks1998 CPS-I   83 6.29 (5.01, 7.79) IRR Secondary Age  
Shapiro2000 CPS-II   88 5.1 (4.00, 6.60) HR Primary Age, alcohol, smokeless tobacco ICD 9: 162
Current Cigar and/or Pipe
Chow1992 Dorn study   4 3.5 (1.00, 12.60) HR   Age, occupation
Wald1997 British United Provident Association   6 3.19 (1.07, 9.50) HR Primary Age ICD 9: 162
Wald1997 British United Provident Association   9 8.64 (3.19, 23.30) HR Secondary Age ICD 9: 162
  1. *Primary cigar smoking: current, exclusive cigar smoking with no previous history of cigarette or pipe smoking; primary cigar and/or pipe smoking: current, exclusive cigar and/or pipe smoking with no previous history of cigarette smoking; secondary cigar smoking: current, exclusive cigar smoking with previous history of cigarette or pipe smoking; secondary cigar and/or pipe smoking: current, exclusive cigar and/or pipe smoking with previous history of cigarette smoking.