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Table 4 Factors associated with violence, adjusted odds ratios and 95%confidence intervals from multivariate logistic regression

From: Hidden voices: prevalence and risk factors for violence against women with disabilities in Nepal

Characteristics Model 1 (life time) Model 2 (past year)
  OR C.I. OR C.I.
Women’s age     
<20 6.94*** 2.2 - 21.6 3.44* 1.1-10.6
20-35 4.34*** 2.0 - 9.4 2.31* 1.1-4.9
36-64 2.92*** 1.6 - 5.3 1.79* 0.9-3.2
65 and over (ref) 1.00 - 1.00 -
Caste/ethnicity     
Non-touchable group (Dalit) 0.63 0.4 - 1.1 0.75 0.4-1.3
Disadvantaged indigenous groups 1.69 0.8 - 3.6 1.11 0.6-2.2
Relatively advantaged indigenous group 0.75 0.5 - 1.2 0.78 0.5-2.2
Upper caste group (Ref) 1.00 - 1.00 -
Women’s education     
Illiterate 1.69 0.7 - 3.9 1.23 0.5-2.8
Non formal education/1-5 years of schooling 1.50 0.7 - 3.3 1.35 0.6-2.9
6-10 years of schooling 1.10 0.5 - 2.4 1.01 0.5-2.2
SLC and above (Ref) 1.00 - 1.00 -
Number of living children     
Unmarried, no child 0.45** 0.2 - 0.8 0.44** 0.2-0.8
Married, no child 0.57 0.2 - 1.4 0.72 0.3-1.7
1-2 1.434 0.8 - 2.5 1.00 0.6-1.7
3 and more (Ref) 1.00 - 1.00 -
Women’s working status     
Not working for cash income 0.56* 0.3 - 0.9 0.51** 0.3-0.8
Working (Ref) 1.00 - 1.00  
Exposure to radio     
Never//Rarely/not applicable 1.46 0.9 - 2.2 1.41 0.9-2.1
Sometimes/Almost everyday (Ref) 1.00 - 1.00 -
Decision making power     
Other family member 0.90 0.5 - 1.6 0.93 0.5-1.7
Joint 0.15** 0.03 - 0.6 0.41 0.1-1.6
Self (ref) 1.00 - 1.00 -
Able to visit health center or any organization     
No 1.65* 1.0 - 2.7 2.20** 1.3-3.6
Yes (Ref) 1.00 - 1.00 -
Women’s perception on whether she can refuse sex with her husband     
No 1.98* 1.1 - 3.6 1.66 0.9-2.9
Yes (Ref) 1.00 - 1.00 -
  1. *P ≤ 0.05, **P ≤ 0.01, ***P ≤ 0.001.