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Table 2 Average annual rate and relative risk of tuberculosis by diabetes status, stratified by age group and location of birth—California, 2010–2012

From: Increased risk of tuberculosis among foreign-born persons with diabetes in California, 2010–2012

Location of birth Age group TB case rate per 100,000 adults with diabetes TB case rate per 100,000 adults without diabetes Relative risk (95% confidence interval)
All All 21.0 6.0 3.5 (3.3–3.7)
United States or Canada 18-44 8.2 1.5 5.5 (4.1–7.5)
  45-64 4.0 1.7 2.4 (1.8–3.1)
  65-74 1.8 1.6 1.2 (0.7–2.0)
  75+ 3.4 2.7 1.3 (0.8–1.9)
Foreign-born 18-44 33.0 11.9 2.8 (2.4–3.3)
  45-64 41.9 13.4 3.1 (2.8–3.5)
  65-74 45.2 32.9 1.4 (1.2–1.6)
  75+ 110.5 51.6 2.1 (1.8–2.5)
  Latin America 18-44 23.0 7.4 3.1 (2.5–3.9)
  45-64 24.1 7.5 3.2 (2.7–3.8)
  65-74 25.4 24.3 1.0 (0.8–1.4)
  75+ 68.4 34.6 2.0 (1.5–2.6)
  Southeast Asia/Pacific Islands 18-44 117.0 34.1 3.4 (2.6–4.6)
  45-64 144.7 42.9 3.4 (2.9–3.9)
  65-74 134.6 68.0 2.0 (1.6–2.5)
  75+ 239.1 130.5 1.8 (1.4–2.3)
  East Asia 18-44 18.9 11.0 1.7 (0.6–4.6)
  45-64 34.8 12.1 2.9 (2.0–4.1)
  65-74 24.7 30.4 0.8 (0.5–1.4)
  75+ 106.1 63.5 1.7 (1.2–2.3)
  South Asia 18-44 48.8 24.5 2.0 (0.9–4.5)
  45-64 50.7 15.2 3.3 (2.0–5.5)
  65-74 87.4 90.6 1.0 (0.4–2.2)
  75+ 582.0 553.7 1.1 (0.6–1.9)
  Africa/Middle East 18-44 239.5 15.0 16.0 (7.0–36.5)
  45-64 17.7 12.3 1.4 (0.7–3.1)
  65-74 37.2 33.4 1.1 (0.4–3.4)
  75+ 109.8 72.5 1.5 (0.6–3.7)
  Europe 18-44 14.1 2.6 5.5 (1.3–23.1)
  45-64 18.3 3.2 5.8 (2.3–14.4)
  65-74 12.0 5.0 2.4 (0.8–7.7)
  75+ 6.9 6.8 1.0 (0.2–4.4)
  1. Italicized numbers contain estimates based on a numerator of <20 and may be unstable.