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Table 1 Univariate differences between smokers who use cigarettes in combination with alternative tobacco product (cigarettes + ATP) compared to those who use cigarettes only

From: An application in identifying high-risk populations in alternative tobacco product use utilizing logistic regression and CART: a heuristic comparison

  Cigarettes + ATP Cigarettes only p value
(n=1,220) (n=1,156)
Demographics    
Male 662 (27.9%) 332 (14.0%) <0.001
Age (±SD) 40.24 ± 11.64 45.85 ± 12.62 <0.001
Race    <0.001
  African American 436 (18.4%) 358 (15.1%)
  Latino 455 (19.1%) 331 (13.9%)
  White 329 (13.8%) 467 (19.7%)
Education, % college graduate or higher 474 (19.9%) 364 (15.3%) <0.001
Income, % < $1800/month 480 (20.2%) 463 (19.5%) 0.725
Tobacco Characteristics    
Smoking status (%)    <0.001
  Nondaily 673 (28.3%) 528 (22.2%)
  Daily light (1–10 cpd) 259 (10.9%) 319 (13.4%)
  Daily heavy (11+ cpd) 288 (12.1%) 309 (13.0%)
Menthol smoker 737 (31.0%) 623 (26.2%) 0.001
Cigarettes per day, mean (±SD) 9.30 ± 8.70 10.14 ± 8.52 0.017
Time to first cigarette, % within 30 minutes of waking 720 (30.3%) 629 (26.5%) 0.024
24 hour quit attempts in last 12 months, mean (±SD) 5.50 ± 9.53 5.94 ± 11.79 0.451
Cost    
Price of cigs influenced them to smoke less, % yes 726 (30.6%) 644 (27.1%) 0.061
Price of cigs influenced where they buy cigs, % yes 840 (35.4%) 826 (34.8%) 0.166
Price of cigs influenced the brand they buy, % yes 590 (24.8%) 455 (19.1%) <0.001
Buy versus borrow cigs, % buy all cigs they smoke 683 (28.7%) 824 (34.7%) <0.001
Harm Reduction    
Trying to cut down on cigs smoke, % yes 862 (36.3%) 818 (34.4%) 0.955
Limit cpd to decrease health risk, % yes 596 (25.1%) 505 (21.3%) 0.012
Limit smoking in last year to decrease health risks, % always or often 360 (15.2%) 356 (15.0%) 0.494
Psychosocial    
Depression score, mean (±SD)a 2.14 ± 1.83 1.80 ± 1.84 <0.001
Alcohol score, mean (±SD)b 4.64 ± 3.10 3.30 ± 2.98 <0.001
Discrimination score, mean (±SD)c 8.28 ± 6.72 5.85 ± 5.66 <0.001
  1. aScores range from 0–6 with scores of 3 or higher indicating possible depressive symptoms.
  2. bScores range from 0–12 with scores of ≥4 for men and ≥3 for women indicating possible alcohol misuse.
  3. cScores range from 0–25 with higher scores indicating greater frequency of discrimination in daily life.