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Table 2 Participant demographics, and prior experiences with and preferences for advance care planning

From: Knowledge, attitudes, and preferences of healthy young adults regarding advance care planning: a focus group study of university students in Pittsburgh, USA

Characteristic n(%)
N = 56
Mean age (range) 21 (18–30)
Female gender 42 (75)
Religious affiliation  
 Christian 36 (64)
 Atheist 4 (7)
 Jewish 3 (5)
 Other 13 (23)
Race  
 White 40 (71)
 African-American 8 (14)
 Asian and Pacific Islander 8 (14)
Mean years of education 15 (i.e., undergraduate junior)
Planning to enter a helping professiona 26 (46)
Exposure 42 (75)
 Primaryb 6 (11)
 Secondaryc 36 (64)
  Cancer-related 18 (32)
 Unexposed 14 (25)
Prior experience with ACPd 20 (36)
 Discussion with parent 15 (27)
 Discussion with partner 5 (9)
 Discussion with friend 2 (4)
 Discussion with physician 1 (2)
 Discussion with other relative 1 (2)
 Created an AD 1 (2)
 Designated a health care proxy 1 (2)
 No prior experience with ACP 36 (64)
Participants interested in creating an ADe 41 (73)
Participants interested in designating a surrogated 37 (66)
 Mother 10
 Either parent 9
 Sibling 8
 Father 5
 Non-spouse partner 3
 Other relative 1
 Friend 1
Not interested in surrogate designation 19 (34)
  1. Legend: ACP = advance care planning, AD = advance directive.
  2. aThe following disciplines were defined as helping professions: medicine, pharmacy, mental health, social work, rehabilitative sciences, and public health.
  3. bDefined as an affirmative response to: “Have you ever had a serious illness that required hospitalization, or continued medical monitoring, and placed you at risk for death and/or serious illness?”.
  4. cDefined as an affirmative response to: “Has anyone in close contact to you (family, friends, etc.) experienced a serious illness that required hospitalization, or continued medical monitoring, and placed them at risk for death and/or serious illness?”.
  5. dTotals may exceed 100% due to subjects’ ability to select multiple options.
  6. eSubjects were asked if they were interested in creating an advance directive and/or a health care proxy document within six months of the focus group interview.