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Table 2 Disease prevalence and disease-specific disability rates (disabling impacts), Belgium, 1997, 2001, 2004, and 2008

From: Contribution of chronic diseases to the disability burden in a population 15 years and older, Belgium, 1997–2008

Diseases Disease prevalence Disabling Impact
15-54 years 55-64 years 65-79 years ≥80 years 15-54 years 55-64 years 65-79 years ≥80 years
% 95% CI % 95% CI % 95% CI % 95% CI Rate 95% CI Rate 95% CI Rate 95% CI Rate 95% CI
Men                 
Chronic respiratory diseases 5.2 4.7; 5.7 9.7 8.1; 11.4 16.5 14.4; 18.5 20.9 17.0; 24.9 0.06 0.03; 0.08 0.12 0.07; 0.19 0.14 0.08; 0.22 0.25 0.09; 0.40
Diabetes 1.2 1.0; 1.4 6.8 5.4; 8.2 10.7 9.2; 12.3 10.4 7.5; 13.6 0.03 0.01; 0.06 0.06 0.01; 0.12 0.07 0.02; 0.14 0.12 0.03; 0.22
Cancer 0.3 0.2; 0.5 1.9 1.3; 2.6 4.7 3.5; 6.0 4.7 3.0; 6.5 0.07 0.02; 0.14 0.15 0.04; 0.30 0.18 0.05; 0.34 0.31 0.07; 0.58
Depression 4.3 3.8; 4.8 4.8 3.8; 5.8 5.3 3.7; 7.3 4.5 2.7; 6.6 0.07 0.03; 0.10 0.14 0.07; 0.24 0.17 0.08; 0.30 0.29 0.10; 0.50
Neurological diseases 0.7 0.5; 0.9 0.7 0.3; 1.1 2.0 1.1; 3.2 3.6 2.0; 5.6 0.30 0.17; 0.46 0.62 0.37; 1.03 0.74 0.43; 1.19 1.31 0.46; 2.00
Cardiovascular diseases                 
Heart attack 1.1 0.9; 1.4 8.6 6.9; 10.3 14.7 12.9; 16.7 21.6 17.6; 25.4 0.09 0.05; 0.13 0.18 0.11; 0.28 0.21 0.14; 0.31 0.38 0.15; 0.54
Stroke 0.2 0.1; 0.3 1.0 0.6; 1.5 2.0 1.4; 2.8 5.6 3.2; 8.3 0.14 0.06; 0.26 0.31 0.14; 0.58 0.36 0.16; 0.66 0.64 0.22; 1.02
Musculoskeletal diseases                 
Back pain 11.1 10.4; 11.9 16.9 14.8; 19.2 18.0 15.6; 20.6 13.3 10.6; 16.3 0.06 0.04; 0.08 0.13 0.08; 0.19 0.15 0.10; 0.22 0.27 0.10; 0.37
Osteoporosis 0.4 0.3; 06 1.7 1.1; 2.4 3.7 2.7; 4.8 5.7 3.7; 8.2 0.16 0.08; 0.29 0.34 0.19; 0.59 0.41 0.22; 0.71 0.72 0.30; 1.09
Arthritis 6.9 6.2; 7.5 22.8 20.4; 25.2 29.2 26.5; 31.8 34.5 30.1; 38.8 0.04 0.02; 0.06 0.09 0.05; 0.12 0.10 0.06; 0.15 0.18 0.06; 0.27
“Other” diseases 13.8 13.0; 14.7 19.1 16.9; 21.3 25.6 23.1; 28.0 33.5 29.3; 38.1 0.02 0.01; 0.03 0.04 0.01; 0.07 0.05 0.01; 0.09 0.08 0.02; 0.15
Women                 
Chronic respiratory diseases 6.6 6.0; 7.3 8.3 7.0; 9.5 12.6 10.9; 14.3 11.3 8.8; 14.1 0.06 0.03; 0.08 0.09 0.05; 0.15 0.14 0.08; 0.21 0.26 0.14; 0.41
Diabetes 1.4 1.1; 1.7 6.0 4.8; 7.3 9.9 8.5; 11.3 8.6 7.0; 10.5 0.07 0.03; 0.12 0.12 0.06; 0.19 0.17 0.08; 0.27 0.32 0.14; 0.53
Cancer 0.8 0.6; 1.0 2.7 1.9; 3.6 4.5 3.2; 5.9 3.7 1.9; 6.3 0.08 0.02; 0.15 0.13 0.04; 0.24 0.19 0.06; 0.34 0.36 0.10; 0.69
Depression 6.7 6.1; 7.3 9.6 8.1; 11.2 9.5 8.1; 11.0 7.5 5.8; 9.7 0.06 0.03; 0.09 0.10 0.05; 0.16 0.14 0.07; 0.23 0.27 0.12; 0.45
Neurological diseases 0.7 0.5; 1.0 1.5 0.9; 2.2 1.7 1.2; 2.3 3.6 2.2; 5.2 0.22 0.11; 0.38 0.38 0.18; 0.63 0.55 0.26; 0.89 1.02 0.49; 1.73
Cardiovascular diseases                 
Heart attack 0.9 0.6; 1.1 3.7 2.7; 4.9 9.7 8.2; 11.4 13.9 10.9; 17.5 0.08 0.04; 0.13 0.13 0.06; 0.21 0.18 0.09; 0.31 0.35 0.16; 0.58
Stroke 0.2 0.1; 0.4 1.2 0.6; 1.9 2.3 1.6; 3.2 5.0 3.3; 7.2 0.28 0.14; 0.48 0.48 0.25; 0.80 0.69 0.36; 1.13 1.29 0.65; 2.15
Musculoskeletal diseases                 
Back pain 10.9 10.1; 11.7 20.4 18.2; 22.7 25.2 22.8; 27.5 21.4 18.4; 24.4 0.07 0.05; 0.09 0.12 0.07; 0.17 0.17 0.11; 0.23 0.32 0.19; 0.47
Osteoporosis 1.6 1.3; 1.9 11.2 9.6; 12.9 20.1 18.2; 22.2 22.1 19.1; 25.4 0.03 0.01; 0.06 0.05 0.01; 0.10 0.07 0.02; 0.14 0.14 0.03; 0.28
Arthritis 8.8 8.1; 9.5 32.8 30.3; 36.3 50.2 47.7; 52.6 55.0 51.0; 59.0 0.09 0.06; 0.12 0.15 0.11; 0.19 0.22 0.11; 0.20 0.41 0.27; 0.55
“Other” diseases 26.8 25.7; 27.9 33.5 30.9; 36.3 41.1 38.5; 43.7 44.2 40.4; 47.8 0.01 0.00; 0.02 0.02 0.00; 0.04 0.03 0.00; 0.04 0.05 0.01; 0.10
  1. “Other” diseases included: chronic cystitis, stomach ulcer, bowel diseases, cirrhosis, gall-stones, cataract, glaucoma, migraine, thyroid problems, and skin diseases.