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Table 3 Associations between food insecurity and dietary intakes among households in District Eight, HCMC (n = 250)

From: Household food insecurity, diet, and weight status in a disadvantaged district of Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam: a cross-sectional study

   Food security status
Dietary intakes Total sample (%) Food insecure(%) Food secure(%) p-value** OR (95% CI)
Fruit intake     0.02*  
 Less than everyday 49.2 36.0 9.1   2.2 (1.31 - 4.22)
 Everyday 50.8 64.0 90.9   1.00
Vegetable     0.17  
 Less than everyday 14.4 18.6 12.2   
 Everyday 85.6 81.4 87.8   
Processed meat     0.04*  
 Yes 18.4 11.6 21.9   1.00
 No 81.6 88.4 78.1   1.88 (0.87 - 4.03)
Red meat (pork, beef)     0.91  
 Yes 86.4 86.1 86.6   
 No 13.6 14.0 13.4   
Fresh chicken and other poultry     0.00*  
 Yes 61.2 50.0 67.1   1.00
 No 38.8 50.0 33.0   1.18 (0.65 -2.15)
Fish and other seafood     0.19  
 Yes 81.6 86.1 79.3   
 No 18.4 14.0 20.7   
Sweet sticky rice     0.76  
 Yes 26.8 27.9 26.2   
 No 73.2 72.1 73.8   
Cakes     0.88  
 Yes 20.4 79.1 79.9   
 No 79.6 20.9 20.1   
Fried chicken and potato chips     0.10  
 Yes 7.2 3.5 9.1   
 No 92.8 96.5 90.8   
Hamburger     0.77  
 Yes 5.2 4.7 5.5   
 No 94.8 95.4 94.5   
Pizzas     0.75  
 Yes 5.2 5.8 4.9   
 No 94.8 94.2 95.1   
Soft drinks     0.50  
 Yes 34.4 37.2 32.9   
 No 65.6 62.8 67.1   
Beer     0.21  
 Yes 23.2 18.6 25.6   
 No 76.8 81.4 74.4   
Alcohol     0.39  
 Yes 10.4 8.1 11.6   
 No 89.6 91.9 88.4   
  1. *Significant at p < 0.05.
  2. **P-value for chi-square (difference between food secure and food insecure households).