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Table 2 Food insecurity by socio-demographic characteristics among households in District Eight in HCMC (n = 250)

From: Household food insecurity, diet, and weight status in a disadvantaged district of Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam: a cross-sectional study

Characteristics Food insecurity status
  Food insecure (%) Food secure (%) P value** OR (95% CI)
Age    0.01*  
18-44 32.5 51.2   1.00
45-64 52.3 41.4   1.63 (0.68-3.94)
≥65 15.1 7.3   1.71 (0.91-4.02)
Gender    0.18  
Male 23.0 77.0   
Female 36.2 63.8   
Education    0.00*  
Never went to school 4.2 6.8   1.38 (1.09-1.83)
Completed primary school 38.6 21.9   1.41 (1.22-1.63)
Completed secondary school 44.3 39.0   1.27 (1.12-1.44)
Completed high school or above 10.2 34.7   1.00
Ethnicity    0.83  
Kinh 34.0 66.0   
Others 40.0 60.0   
Settlement time    0.02*  
≤10 years 82.6 69.5   2.13 (1.08-4.31)
>10 years 30.5 17.4   1.00
Employment    0.25  
Family size    0.95  
Living arrangement    0.19  
Total income by urban poverty lines    0.18  
Total household income by house items §    0.00*  
Low 100.0 0.0   7.28 (2.99-17.69)
Medium 44.0 60.5   3.14 (1.24-4.33)
High 6.7 93.3   1.00
  1. *Significant at p < 0.05.
  2. **P-value for chi-square (difference between food secure and food insecure households).
  3. Adjusted for education.
  4. Adjusted for age and total income.
  5. Adjusted for age.
  6. §Adjusted for age and education.