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Table 3 Results of logistic regression of IPSV and empowerment indicators controlling for women’s socio-demographic factors and male partners’ controlling behaviors in Uganda (DHS 2011)

From: Partners’ controlling behaviors and intimate partner sexual violence among married women in Uganda

Experienced intimate partner sexual violence (IPSV) in the last 12 months preceding the survey
  Model (1)   Model (2)   Model (3)  
Variables ORs 95% CI ORs 95% CI ORs 95% CI
Woman decides on partner’s income alone or jointly (RC = No) 0.633** [0.47-0.86] 0.743 [0.53-1.04] 0.774 [0.55-1.08]
Beating justified if wife:       
Neglects the children (RC = No) 1.224 [0.87-1.71] 1.259 [0.88-1.79] 1.260 [0.88-1.80]
Argues with husband (RC = No) 1.247 [0.86-1.80] 1.016 [0.69-1.50] 0.945 [0.63-1.41]
Burns the food (RC = No) 1.195 [0.79-1.81] 1.094 [0.70-1.71] 1.051 [0.67-1.65]
Husband/partner:       
Jealous if woman talks with other men (RC = No)    1.930** [1.28-2.90] 1.808** [1.22-2.68]
Accuses respondent of unfaithfulness (RC = No)    1.455 [1.00-2.12] 1.501* [1.03-2.19]
Does not permit respondent to meet female friends (RC = No)    1.530* [1.03-2.27] 1.630* [1.11-2.39]
Tries to limit respondent’s contact with family (RC = No)    1.815** [1.16-2.83] 1.725* [1.11-2.67]
Insists on knowing where respondent is (RC = No)    0.968 [0.66-1.42] 0.940 [0.64-1.37]
Partner drinks alcohol (RC = No)       
Yes, but never gets drunk    0.294** [0.13-0.66] 0.313** [0.14-0.71]
Yes, sometimes gets drunk    0.688 [0.46-1.04] 0.717 [0.47-1.10]
Yes, often gets drunk    1.803** [1.18-2.77] 1.800** [1.15-2.81]
Woman afraid of partner (RC = Never)       
Sometimes    1.819** [1.25-2.65] 1.777** [1.21-2.60]
Often    1.593* [1.04-2.44] 1.578* [1.04-2.40]
Region (RC = Central)       
Eastern      1.051 [0.65-1.69]
Northern      0.985 [0.62-1.57]
Western      0.754 [0.46-1.24]
Women’s education level (RC = None)       
Primary      1.269 [0.82-1.96]
Secondary      0.882 [0.46-1.68]
Woman’s father ever beat her mother (RC = No)       
Yes      1.347 [0.96-1.88]
Don’t know      0.964 [0.55-1.69]
Age at first sex (RC = 18+ years)       
<14 years      0.949 [0.59-1.54]
15-17 years      1.159 [0.78-1.73]
Weighted sample 1307   1307   1307  
  1. ORs = Odds Ratios; CI = Confidence Interval; RC = Reference Category; *p < 0.05- **p < 0.01- ***p < 0.001.