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Table 4 Prospective associations between exposure to occupational factors in 2006 and 2010 and MDD/GAD in 2010 adjusted for covariates

From: Occupational factors and subsequent major depressive and generalized anxiety disorders in the prospective French national SIP study

Men and women (N = 4711) MDD GAD
  Models 1 Model 2 Models 1 Model 2
  OR200695% CI OR201095% CI OR200695% CI OR201095% CI OR200695% CI OR201095% CI OR200695% CI OR201095% CI
Psychosocial work factors         
High psychological demands 0.88 [0.57-1.34] 2.93*** [1.91-4.48] 0.77 [0.46-1.27] 2.00** [1.28-3.13] 1.52* [1.02-2.28] 3.61*** [2.46-5.31] 1.33 [0.87-2.05] 2.27*** [1.47-3.51]
Low decision latitude 1.11 [0.75-1.65] 2.19*** [1.50-3.20] 1.14 [0.77-1.70] 1.55* [1.01-2.38] 1.12 [0.77-1.62] 1.67** [1.17-2.39] 1.07 [0.72-1.59] 1.25 [0.83-1.89]
Low social support 0.93 [0.59-1.47] 1.58* [1.06-2.36] 0.90 [0.54-1.50] 1.09 [0.73-1.62] 1.42 [0.95-2.12] 1.19 [0.81-1.75] 1.10 [0.74-1.64] 0.83 [0.56-1.24]
Low reward 1.22 [0.85-1.75] 2.91*** [1.99-4.26] 1.37 [0.92-2.03] 2.16*** [1.47-3.18] 1.46* [1.02-2.11] 2.14*** [1.43-3.20] 1.46* [1.00-2.12] 1.70** [1.15-2.52]
Emotional demands 0.75 [0.48-1.17] 3.86*** [2.41-6.19] 0.77 [0.47-1.26] 3.16*** [1.91-5.22] 1.57* [1.06-2.31] 2.53*** [1.66-3.86] 1.26 [0.84-1.90] 1.69* [1.10-2.60]
Role conflict 0.86 [0.57-1.29] 1.56* [1.06-2.31] 0.70 [0.45-1.10] 0.99 [0.66-1.47] 1.32 [0.90-1.92] 0.95 [0.64-1.41] 0.89 [0.59-1.33] 0.56** [0.36-0.87]
Ethical conflict 0.80 [0.52-1.23] 2.20*** [1.46-3.32] 0.81 [0.51-1.27] 1.54* [1.01-2.35] 1.07 [0.74-1.55] 2.68*** [1.87-3.85] 0.83 [0.55-1.24] 1.90*** [1.31-2.78]
Tensions with the public 0.73 [0.49-1.07] 1.18 [0.79-1.75] 0.68 [0.45-1.04] 0.74 [0.48-1.14] 1.34 [0.90-1.98] 1.57* [1.05-2.37] 1.14 [0.74-1.76] 0.98 [0.62-1.53]
Job insecurity 1.29 [0.82-2.04] 2.41*** [1.60-3.64] 1.25 [0.78-2.02] 1.90** [1.23-2.93] 1.46 [0.97-2.21] 3.05*** [2.10-4.42] 1.19 [0.77-1.84] 2.30*** [1.54-3.43]
Work-life imbalance 0.90 [0.57-1.41] 1.82** [1.20-2.78] 0.91 [0.55-1.49] 1.16 [0.74-1.80] 1.38 [0.93-2.05] 2.36*** [1.60-3.50] 1.13 [0.74-1.72] 1.41 [0.90-2.22]
Working time/hours         
Long working hours 1.09 [0.68-1.73] 1.21 [0.76-1.93] 1.07 [0.67-1.71] 1.05 [0.66-1.67] 1.07 [0.68-1.68] 1.58* [1.02-2.43] 0.80 [0.50-1.27] 1.10 [0.70-1.74]
Night work 0.73 [0.41-1.31] 1.88* [1.10-3.19] 0.77 [0.43-1.40] 1.43 [0.81-2.53] 0.65 [0.35-1.18] 1.76* [1.04-2.98] 0.73 [0.40-1.32] 1.30 [0.75-2.26]
Shift work 1.24 [0.72-2.15] 0.99 [0.56-1.75] 1.17 [0.64-2.14] 0.96 [0.53-1.76] 0.92 [0.50-1.69] 1.05 [0.58-1.89] 1.00 [0.55-1.80] 0.79 [0.43-1.46]
Low predictability 1.13 [0.72-1.76] 0.97 [0.62-1.53] 1.06 [0.67-1.66] 0.76 [0.47-1.23] 0.84 [0.56-1.27] 2.06*** [1.42-2.99] 0.73 [0.48-1.10] 1.39 [0.95-2.04]
Physical work factors         
Biomechanical exposures 1.09 [0.72-1.66] 1.16 [0.78-1.73] 1.04 [0.65-1.67] 1.09 [0.68-1.75] 0.96 [0.64-1.44] 1.28 [0.85-1.92] 0.74 [0.48-1.15] 1.12 [0.72-1.74]
Physical exposures 1.09 [0.74-1.59] 1.16 [0.81-1.68] 1.09 [0.70-1.70] 0.87 [0.55-1.35] 0.91 [0.60-1.36] 1.68* [1.12-2.51] 0.82 [0.54-1.25] 1.21 [0.78-1.87]
Chemical exposures 1.00 [0.65-1.55] 0.81 [0.52-1.26] 1.01 [0.63-1.63] 0.72 [0.45-1.16] 1.24 [0.82-1.87] 0.82 [0.53-1.26] 1.26 [0.84-1.89] 0.75 [0.48-1.19]
  1. The two binary variables for exposure to each occupational factor in 2006 (OR2006) and 2010 (OR2010) were included in the model simultaneously.
  2. Weighted logistic regression models.
  3. Covariates: gender, age, occupation, marital status, having a child under 3 y, social support outside work and stressful life events.
  4. Each occupational factor studied separately. All occupational factors studied simultaneously.
  5. Bold OR: significant at 5%.
  6. Wald test: ***p < 0.001, **p < 0.01, *p < 0.05.