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Table 2 Prospective associations between occupational factors (binary variables) in 2006 and MDD/GAD in 2010 adjusted for covariates

From: Occupational factors and subsequent major depressive and generalized anxiety disorders in the prospective French national SIP study

Men and women (N = 4711) MDD GAD
  Models 1 Model 2 Models 1 Model 2
  OR 95% CI OR†† 95% CI OR 95% CI OR†† 95% CI
Psychosocial work factors         
High psychological demands 1.27 [0.85-1.91] 1.13 [0.68-1.86] 2.34*** [1.64 -3.36] 1.78** [1.20-2.64]
Low decision latitude 1.38 [0.95-2.00] 1.24 [0.86-1.81] 1.29 [0.89 -1.86] 1.07 [0.73-1.56]
Low social support 1.04 [0.68-1.59] 0.94 [0.58-1.55] 1.48* [1.01 -2.18] 1.08 [0.74-1.59]
Low reward 1.67** [1.16-2.40] 1.60* [1.08-2.39] 1.85*** [1.32 -2.60] 1.53* [1.06-2.20]
Emotional demands 1.16 [0.79-1.71] 1.10 [0.73-1.67] 2.14*** [1.51 -3.04] 1.66** [1.14-2.40]
Role conflict 0.98 [0.67-1.44] 0.81 [0.53-1.24] 1.29 [0.91 -1.84] 0.88 [0.60-1.29]
Ethical conflict 1.01 [0.68-1.50] 0.91 [0.59-1.40] 1.42* [1.00 -2.02] 0.98 [0.67-1.44]
Tensions with the public 0.77 [0.53-1.12] 0.70 [0.47-1.05] 1.58** [1.12 -2.24] 1.23 [0.85-1.77]
Job insecurity 1.76** [1.17-2.64] 1.63* [1.08-2.48] 2.16*** [1.47 -3.18] 1.74** [1.18-2.57]
Work life imbalance 1.09 [0.72-1.63] 1.01 [0.63-1.60] 1.80** [1.26 -2.59] 1.33 [0.90-1.96]
Working time/hours         
Long working hours 1.19 [0.80-1.78] 1.22 [0.78-1.91] 1.33 [0.91 -1.94] 1.05 [0.69-1.60]
Night work 1.04 [0.62-1.74] 0.90 [0.52-1.57] 0.89 [0.52 -1.52] 0.85 [0.50-1.45]
Shift work 1.24 [0.77-1.99] 1.25 [0.75-2.07] 0.95 [0.58 -1.56] 0.92 [0.57-1.48]
Low predictability 1.11 [0.75-1.66] 1.06 [0.71-1.59] 1.10 [0.75 -1.62] 0.85 [0.56-1.27]
Physical work factors         
Biomechanical exposure 1.17 [0.80-1.70] 1.11 [0.72-1.71] 1.06 [0.73 -1.55] 0.87 [0.59-1.28]
Physical exposure 1.17 [0.79-1.72] 1.07 [0.70-1.65] 1.15 [0.79 -1.66] 0.92 [0.62-1.35]
Chemical exposure 0.92 [0.63-1.33] 0.85 [0.55-1.31] 1.14 [0.79 -1.64] 1.11 [0.78-1.58]
  1. The binary variables for occupational factors were constructed using the median of the distribution among the whole sample.
  2. Weighted logistic regression models.
  3. Covariates: gender, age, occupation, marital status, having a child under 3 y, social support outside work and stressful life events.
  4. Each occupational factor studied separately ††All occupational factors studied simultaneously.
  5. Bold OR: significant at 5%.
  6. Wald test: ***p < 0.001, **p < 0.01, *p < 0.05.