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Table 1 Factors associated with general preventive behavior score (GPB) and with three specific preventive behaviors against LD

From: Factors associated with preventive behaviors regarding Lyme disease in Canada and Switzerland: a comparative study

A) Factors associated with GPB1
  Montérégie (n = 201) Neuchâtel (n = 312) Overall model (n = 513)
  OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
Exposure 1.17 (0.56-2.44) 2.23 (1.12-4.43)* 1.67 (1.02-2.73)*
Knowledge of LD 2.07 (1.05-4.10)* 2.32 (1.17-4.59)* 2.29 (1.42-3.68)**
Risk perception 1.79 (1.15-2.79)* 1.32 (0.81-2.16) 1.54 (1.12-2.12)**
Region (Montérégie: ref) - - - - 0.33 (0.20-0.54)***
B) Factors associated with “Performing tick check after outdoor activities” 1
  Montérégie (n = 166) Neuchâtel (n = 298) Overall model (n = 464)
  OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
Exposure 1.15 (0.42-3.16) 1.24 (0.67-2.30) 1.22 (0.73-2.02)
Knowledge of LD 1.18 (0.47-3.00) 2.45 (1.31-4.59)** 1.90 (1.16-3.13)**
Risk perception 2.00 (1.05-3.78)* 1.62 (1.03-2.54)* 1.66 (1.17-2.34)**
Perceived efficacy of the measure 3.17 (1.18-8.55)* 11.90 (4.53-31.31)*** 6.87 (3.38-13.97)***
Region (Montérégie: ref) - - - - .12 (0.07-0.21)***
C) Factors associated with “Wearing protective clothing” 1
  Montérégie (n = 176) Neuchâtel (n = 293) Overall model (n = 469)
  OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
Age 18–34 yr 1.24 (0.35-4.36) .41 (0.19-0.88)* .46 (0.25-0.86)*
35-54 yr .35 (0.17-0.73)** .85 (0.41-1.75) .61 (0.37-0.99)*
55+ yrR 1   1   1  
Exposure 1.05 (0.47-2.38) 1.35 (0.76-2.41) 1.21 (0.77-1.91)
Knowledge of LD 2.29 (1.08-4.84)* 1.51 (0.83-2.75) 1.98 (1.27-3.10)**
Risk perception 1.84 (1.13-3.01)* 1.13 (0.74-1.70) 1.35 (1.00-1.83)*
Perceived efficacy of the measure 7.99 (1.65-38.68)* 35.45 (4.35-288.53)** 14.76 (4.30-50.62)***
Region (Montérégie: ref) - - - - .46 (0.28-0.76)**
D) Factors associated with “Applying tick repellent” 1
  Montérégie (n = 173) Neuchâtel (n = 290) Overall model (n = 463)
  OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
Age 18–34 yr 5.06 (1.23-20.71)* 1.24 (0.60-2.59) 1.55 (0.84-2.86)
35-54 yr 1.17 (0.50-2.74) 2.52 (1.31-4.82)* 1.89 (1.16-3.09)*
55+ yrR 1   1   1  
Exposure 1.54 (0.60-3.98) 1.09 (0.63-1.88) 1.13 (0.72-1.78)
Knowledge of LD 2.12 (0.87-5.13) .84 (0.47-1.49) 1.10 (0.69-1.75)
Risk perception 1.51 (0.82-2.80) 1.86 (1.23-2.82)** 1.68 (1.21-2.35)**
Perceived efficacy of the measure 17.66 (6.63-47.04)*** 8.83 (3.74-20.86)*** 10.77 (5.78-20.04)***
Region (Montérégie: ref) - - - - 1.92 (1.11-3.31)*
  1. 1Gender, age and education level were forced in all models as potential confounders. Related OR are shown only if statistically significant in the model.
  2. RReference categories.
  3. *p < 0,05; **p < 0,01; ***p < 0,001.