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Table 3 Test results on factors affecting smoking trend (2003–2008)

From: Spatial and temporal patterns of smoking prevalence in Ontario

Effect Model 1: controlling for age and sex Model 2: further adding in socio-demographic, socio-economic, psycho-social variables and smoking restrictions at work place Model 3: further adding in smoking restriction at home Model 4: further adding in interactions of smoking restriction at home and time
Adult (19 +) Youth (12–18) Adult (19 +) Youth (12–18) Adult (19 +) Youth (12–18) Adult (19 +) Youth (12–18)
Intercept −0.12** −10.76*** −0.89*** −9.96*** −0.22*** −9.78*** −0.26*** −10.04***
AGE −0.02*** 0.52*** −0.02*** 0.38*** −0.03*** 0.38*** −0.03*** 0.38***
MALE 0.37*** 0.03** 0.36*** 0.12*** 0.34*** 0.11*** 0.34*** 0.12***
YEAR −0.04*** −0.17*** −0.02*** −0.11*** 0.02*** −0.11*** 0.06*** −0.09***
YEAR2 0.004*** 0.01*** 0.002*** 0.004** 0.002*** 0.01*** −0.01*** 0.02***
INCOME    −0.10*** −0.08*** −0.08*** −0.08*** −0.08*** −0.07***
SBC    0.09*** 0.27*** 0.06*** 0.26*** 0.06*** 0.26***
PLS    0.16*** 0.32*** 0.16*** 0.32*** 0.16*** 0.33***
Other urban (vs. rural)    0.08*** 0.38*** 0.09*** 0.38*** 0.09*** 0.37***
GTA (vs. rural)    −0.37 0.07 −0.31 0.09 −0.31 0.06
LOWEDU    0.67***   0.62***   0.62***  
UNEMPLOY    0.66***   0.61***   0.61***  
SMKRWC    −0.02***   0.01*   0.01*  
SMKRWP    0.52***   0.5***   0.5***  
MS    −0.31***   −0.22***   −0.22***  
HOME_RESTRIC      −0.91*** −0.24*** −0.85*** 0.1***
YEAR* HOME_RESTRIC        −0.07*** −0.06**
YEAR2* HOME_RESTRIC        0.01*** −0.02***
Moran’s I test of global spatial autocorrelation on CSD-level residuals I = 0.129** I = −0.06 I = 0.125** I = −0.06 I = 0.109** I = −0.06 I = 0.109** I = −0.06
  1. *Significant at p<.05; **Significant at p<.01; ***Significant at p<.0001.