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Table 4 Odds Ratio (OR)* and 95% CI of incident MetS according to baseline frequency of total yogurt consumption and fruit consumption in 8,063 participants of the SUN Project (1999–2013)

From: Association between yogurt consumption and the risk of Metabolic Syndrome over 6 years in the SUN study

Yogurt consumption Fruit consumption
  Low (<264.5 g/d) High (≥264.5 g/d)
Low (≤250 g/wk, ≤2 servings/wk)   
N/incident cases 60/1482 65/1207
Multivariable 1.00 (Ref.) 0.89 (0.59-1.34)
Moderate (>250 to < 875 g/wk, >2 to < 7 servings/wk)   
N 64/1636 53/1453
Multivariable 1.40 (0.95-2.05) 0.92 (0.61-1.42)
High (≥875 g/wk, ≥7 servings/wk)   
N 30/914 34/1371
Multivariable 1.07 (0.66-1.72) 0.61 (0.38-0.99)
  1. *Adjusted for: age, sex, baseline weight, total energy intake, alcohol intake, soft drinks, red meat, French fries, fast food, Mediterranean diet, physical activity, sedentary behavior, hours sitting, smoking status, snacking between meals, following special diet.