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Table 3 Odds Ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) of incident Metabolic Syndrome according to the baseline total yogurt consumption stratified by adherence to the Mediterranean diet and fruits consumption

From: Association between yogurt consumption and the risk of Metabolic Syndrome over 6 years in the SUN study

  0-250 g/week (0–2 servings/week) >250 to <875 g/week (>2 to <7 servings/week) ≥875 g/week (≥7 servings/week) P for trend P for interaction
Stratified by adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MeDiet)
      0.270
Low MeDiet Adherence (0 to 4)      
N 1851 2079 1362   
Incident cases 75 78 35   
Crude 1.00 Ref. 0.92 (0.67-1.28) 0.62 (0.42-0.94) 0.024  
Age and sex 1.00 Ref. 1.43 (1.01-2.02) 0.94 (0.61-1.43) 0.820  
Multivariable 1.00 Ref. 1.37 (0.96-1.96) 0.86 (0.55-1.35) 0.538  
High MeDiet Adherence (5 to 8)      
N 838 1010 923   
Incident cases 50 39 29   
Crude 1.00 Ref. 0.63 (0.41-0.97) 0.51 (0.32-0.82) 0.006  
Age and sex 1.00 Ref. 0.94 (0.60-1.47) 0.75 (0.46-1.22) 0.250  
Multivariable* 1.00 Ref. 0.96 (0.60-1.54) 0.77 (0.46-1.30) 0.323  
Stratified by fruit consumption
      0.070
Low fruit consumption      
N 1482 1636 914   
Incident cases 60 64 30   
Crude 1.00 Ref. 0.96 (0.67-1.38) 0.80 (0.51-1.26) 0.343  
Age and sex 1.00 Ref. 1.38 (0.94-2.01) 1.12 (0.71-1.78) 0.569  
Multivariable* 1.00 Ref. 1.39 (0.94-2.05) 1.06 (0.65-1.73) 0.750  
High fruit consumption      
N 1207 1453 1371   
Incident cases 65 53 34   
Crude 1.00 Ref. 0.67 (0.46-0.96) 0.45 (0.29-0.68) <0.001  
Age and sex 1.00 Ref. 1.08 (0.73-1.61) 0.71 (0.46-1.11) 0.123  
Multivariable* 1.00 Ref. 1.05 (0.70-1.59) 0.69 (0.43-1.10) 0.104  
  1. *Adjusted for: age, sex, baseline weight, total energy intake, alcohol intake, soft drinks, red meat, French fries, fast food, Mediterranean diet (only when stratified by fruit consumption), physical activity, sedentary behavior, hours sitting, smoking status, snacking between meals, following special diet.