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Table 1 Clinical characteristics of the participants, by gender

From: Prevalence of measured and reported multimorbidity in a representative sample of the Swiss population

  Women (N = 1967) Men (N = 1747) p-value
Age (years) 50.0 ± 8.8 49.1 ± 8.8 0.004
Educational level (%)    
Primary 368 (18.7) 246 (14.1)  
Apprenticeship 672 (34.2) 596 (34.1) <0.001
High school/college 559 (28.4) 442 (25.3)  
University 368 (18.7) 463 (26.5)  
Social help (%) 307 (15.6) 241 (13.8) 0.12
Born in Switzerland (%) 1210 (61.6) 1035 (59.2) 0.15
Smoking status (%)    
Never 855 (43.5) 604 (34.6)  
Former 566 (28.8) 627 (35.9) 0.001
Current 544 (27.7) 516 (29.5)  
BMI (kg/m2) 24.8 ± 4.9 26.3 ± 3.8 <0.001
BMI categories (%)    
Normal 1206 (61.4) 708 (40.5)  
Overweight 516 (26.3) 787 (45.1) <0.001
Obese 243 (12.4) 252 (14.4)  
Waist (cm) 82.1 ± 12.4 94.3 ± 10.9 <0.001
Abdominal obesity (%) 564 (28.7) 379 (21.7) <0.001
  1. BMI, body mass index. Results are expressed as number of participants (percentage) or as average ± standard deviation. Statistical analysis by chi-square or Student’s t-test.