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Table 2 Prevalence of overweight, obesity and abdominal obesity among the study population across different socio-demographic characteristics and lifestyles by gender in rural Hanzhong, Shaanxi province in 2010 a

From: Association of obesity with socioeconomic status among adults of ages 18 to 80 years in rural Northwest China

  Overweight Obesity Abdominal obesity
(24.0 kg/m2 ≤ BMI ≤ 27.9 kg/m2) (BMI ≥ 28 kg/m2) (WC ≥ 80 cm for female and ≥85 cm for male)
Socio-demographic characteristics Female Male Total Female Male Total Female Male Total
Age          
   ≤44 173(26.1)† 115(36.3) 288(29.4)‡ 24(3.6) 22(6.9) 46(4.7))‡ 207(31.2) 104(32.8) 311(31.7))‡
   45 ~ 54 249(36.9) 114(36.2) 363(36.7) 36(5.3) 18(5.7) 54(5.5) 295(43.8) 123(39.0) 418(42.3)
   ≥55 223(35.6) 126(30.4) 349(33.6) 50(8.0) 23(5.6) 73(7.0) 300(48.1) 139(33.6) 439(42.3)
Marriage status          
   Married 593(32.9) 337(35.3)* 930(33.7))‡ 100(5.5) 60(6.3) 160(5.8) 731(40.5) 342(35.8)* 1073(38.9))‡
   Single/divorced/widowed 5(20.8) 5(11.6) 10(14.9) 1(4.2) 2(4.7) 3(4.5) 7(29.2) 5(11.6) 12(17.9)
Employment status          
   Farming 592(33.1) 259(32.1)* 851(32.8) 100(5.6) 42(5.2)* 142(5.5) 741(41.5) 263(32.6)* 1004(38.7)
   No farming 57(31.1) 97(40.9) 154(36.7) 10(5.5) 21(8.9) 31(7.4) 64(35.0) 102(43.0) 166(39.5)
Level of education          
   Low 220(35.1) 39(22.0)* 259(32.2) 42(6.7) 7(4.0) 49(6.1) 287(45.8)† 52(29.4)* 339(42.2)
   Middle 147(34.5) 75(32.9) 222(33.9)) 29(6.8) 17(7.5) 46(7.0) 181(42.5) 70(30.7) 251(38.4)
   High 279(30.7) 242(37.7) 521(33.6) 39(4.3) 39(6.1) 78(5.0)) 335(37.0) 244(38.0) 579(37.4)
Annual net income per capita          
   Low 152(29.4) 84(26.0)* 236(28.1))‡ 30(5.8) 15(4.6) 45(5.4) 210(40.7) 94(29.1)* 259(32.2)
   Middle 221(33.5) 113(37.8) 334(34.9) 39(5.9) 24(8.0) 63(6.6) 271(41.2) 120(40.1) 222(33.9)
   High 261(35.0) 156(37.9) 417(36.0) 36(4.8) 24(5.8) 60(5.2) 304(40.8) 150(36.4) 521(33.6)
Lifestyles          
Farming frequency          
   <3 times/week 236(34.9) 168(41.2)* 404(37.2))‡ 51(7.5) 34(8.3)* 85(7.8))‡ 291 (43.0) 163(40.0)* 454(41.9))‡
   ≥3 times/week 407(31.9) 182(29.2) 589(31.0) 59(4.6) 28(4.5) 87(4.6) 508(39.9) 197(31.6) 705(37.2)
Hours of TV viewing          
   <2 h/day 237(31.3) 93(29.9) 330(30.9))‡ 45(6.0) 19(6.1) 64(6.0) 313(41.5) 102(32.8) 415(38.9)
   ≥2 h/day 380(33.7) 258(36.0) 638(34.6) 58(5.1) 43(6.0) 101(5.5) 456(40.5) 259(36.2) 715(38.8)
Alcohol consumption          
   0 times/week 630(33.1) 285(33.8) 915(33.3) 110(5.8) 53(6.3) 163(5.9) 779(41.0) 292(34.7) 1071(39.0)
   ≥1 times/week 11(25.6) 67(35.6) 78(33.8) 0(0.0) 9(4.8) 9(3.9) 17(39.5) 70(37.2) 87(37.7)
Smoking frequency          
   0 cigarette/day 635(33.0) 153(40.4)* 788(34.2) 107(5.6) 25(6.6) 132(5.7) 787(40.9) 151(39.8)* 938(40.7))‡
   ≥1 cigarette/day 5(31.3) 202(30.5) 207(30.5) 2(12.5) 38(5.7) 40(5.9) 7(43.8) 215(32.4) 222(32.7)
Vegetable and fruit consumption          
   <500 g/week 446(31.6)* 252(33.1) 698(32.1))‡ 83(5.9) 43(5.7) 126(5.8) 561(39.8)* 254(33.4)* 815(37.5))‡
   ≥500 g/week 188(36.1) 99(37.5) 287(36.6) 26(5.0) 19(7.2) 45(5.7) 229(44.0) 107(40.5) 336(42.8)
Total 650(32.9) 356(33.8) 1003(33.2) 63(6.0) 110(5.6) 173(5.7) 366(34.8)* 808(40.9) 1174(38.8)
  1. aValues represent the number of overweight, obesity and abdominal obesity and the prevalence is included in the bracket.
  2. *Denote P < 0.05, suggesting a significant difference in overweight, obesity and abdominal obesity by socio-demographic characteristics and lifestyles among male adults.
  3. Denote P < 0.05 for prevalence of overweight, obesity and abdominal obesity across socio-demographic characteristics and lifestyles among female adults.
  4. Denote P < 0.05 for comparison across different socio-demographic characteristics and lifestyles in total population.