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Table 1 A global perspective on HIV and STI prevalence and consistent condom use among male sex workers

From: A new public health context to understand male sex work

    MSW prevalence Consistent condom use** Recruitment
  [#] Authors Year HIV STIs*   
Africa       
Côte d’Ivoire [35] Vuylsteke et al. 2012 50% NG (13%) 69% MSW clinic
     CT (3%)   
Kenya [97] Sanders et al. 2007 43% -- -- MSW venues
  [98] Mwangome et al. 2009 8.6py§ -- --  
  [38] Geibel et al. 2008 -- -- 36% MSM venues
  [37] Muraguri et al. 2014 26% NG rectal (6%) -- HIV organisation
     NG urethral (5%)   
     CT rectal (3%)   
     CT urethral (3%)   
     Syphilis (2%)   
Asia       
India [99] Shinde et al. 2009 33% Any (60%) 33% HIV/STI clinic
  [41] Narayanan et al. 2013 43% NG rectal (10%) 82 – 88% HIV/STI clinic
     CT rectal (5%)   
     Syphilis (8%)   
  [100] Solomon et al. 2010 9% Syphilis (8%) 55% RDS
China [42] Yu et al. 2013 6% -- 74% MSW venues
  [101] He, et al. 2007 3% Any (29%) 50% RDS
  [102] Cai, et al. 2010 5% Syphilis (14%) 37% MSW venues
  [43] Chow et al. 2012 2 – 12% Syphilis (5-20%) 15 – 95% Meta-analysis/review
  [9] Wong et al. 2008 2% Any (9%) 64% RDS/SB\\
  [44] Huan et al. 2013 11% Syphilis (28%) -- RDS
Indonesia [45] Pisani et al. 2004 4% Syphilis (2%) 35% MSW venues
Thailand [46] Toledo et al. 2010 19% Any (66%) 82% MSW venues
Pakistan [47] Mumtaz et al. 2011 0 – 6% -- -- Review
  [48] Hawkes et al. 2009 0% NG rectal (5 – 20%) 10% RDS
     CT rectal (5 – 10%)   
Uzbekistan [49] Todd et al. 2007 6% -- 2% Community organisation
Israel [50] Mor & Dan 2012 5% NG throat (2%) 40% MSM venue/SB
     NG urethral (<1%)   
     CT urethral (2%   
     Syphilis (3%)   
Russia [52] Baral et al. 2010 18% Syphilis (12%) 71% MSW venue
    MSW prevalence Consistent condom use** Recruitment
  [#] Authors Year HIV STIs*   
Central and South America       
Peru [53] Bayer et al. 2014 18% Syphilis (8%) 41% MSW venue
Brazil [57] Cortez et al. 2011 17% -- 68% SB
Europe       
Belgium [59] Leuridan et al. 2005 11% NG urethral (3%) 79% Community organisation
     CT urethral (10%)   
     Syphilis (13%)   
UK [61] Sethi et al. 2006 9% NG (9%) 96% MSW clinic
     CT (7%)   
     Syphilis (21%)   
  [62] Mc Grath-Lone et al. 2014 4% NG (17%) -- Men’s health clinics
     CT (25%)   
     Syphilis (3%)   
Spain [66] Belza 2005 12% -- -- HIV/STI clinic
Germany [67] UNAIDS 2012 5 – 10% -- -- Surveillance data
Australia and North America       
Australia [68] Estcourt et al. 2000 7% NG (5%) 86% MSW venues
     CT (2%)   
     Syphilis (3%)   
  [69] Minichiello et al. 2002 7% -- 95% MSM venues
  [103] Prestage et al. 2007 -- -- 80% MSM venues
  [104] Wilkinson et al. 2012 -- CT (14.3py) -- Surveillance data
USA [71] Timpson et al. 2007 26% -- -- MSW venue/SB
  [72] Smith & Seal 2008 -- -- 97% MSW venue
Canada [75] Weber et al. 2001 5% -- -- MSM venue
  1. *Where anatomical site is not specified it was not clear where samples were collected.
  2. **Wherever possible, condom use is reported between MSWs and their clients and limited to anal sex.
  3. NG: Neisseria gonorrhoea.
  4. CT: Chlamydia trachomatis.
  5. §py: Person years (calculated per 100).
  6. RDS: Respondent driven sampling.
  7. \\Snowball sampling.