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Table 3 BCG vaccination and death in a cohort of 784 children between 1 and 5 years age in Mbale, Eastern Uganda*

From: Child survival and BCG vaccination: a community based prospective cohort study in Uganda

Variable No. of deaths/total Deaths/1,000 (95% CI) Unadjusted HR (95% CI) Adjusted HR (95% CI)a
BCG vaccination
  Yes 29/635 46 (31, 65) 0.38(0.21, 0.65) 0.26 (0.14, 0.48)
  No 20/149 134 (84, 200)   1
Maternal age
  <20 years 16/174 92 (53, 145) 1 1
  20-24 15/254 59 (33, 96) 0.65 (0.33, 1.31) 0.70 (0.33, 1.47)
  25-29 7/188 37 (15, 75) 0.40 (0.16, 0.96) 0.40 (0.16, 0.99)
  ≥30 11/168 65 (33, 114) 0.73 (0.34, 1.57) 0.69 (0.31, 1.56)
Parity
  0 11/191 58 (29, 101) 1  
  1-2 17/238 71 (42, 112) 1.13 (0.54, 2.36)  
  3-4 9/182 49 (23, 92) 0.78 (0.33, 1.86)  
  5 or more 12/173 69 (36, 118) 1.16 (0.52, 2.59)  
Mother’s education
  >7 years 15/230 65 (37, 105) 1  
  ≤7 years 34/554 61 (43, 85) 0.97 (0.53, 1.77)  
Residence
  Rural 44/609 72 (53, 96) 1 1
  Urban 5/175 29 (09, 65) 0.45 (0.19, 1.10) 0.51 (0.16, 1.59)
Marital status
  Married 34/483 70 (49, 97) 1 1
  Co-habiting 14/231 61 (34, 100) 0.82 (0.44, 1.53) 0.93 (0.48, 1.79)
  Otherb 1/70 14 (00, 77) 0.18 (0.02, 1.32) 0.15 (0.02, 1.10)
Maternal HIV status
  Negative 8/139 58 (25,110) 1 1
  Positive 2/12 167 (21, 484) 3.09 (0.66, 14.58) 1.82 (0.22, 15.14)
  Don’t know 39/633 62 (44,83) 1.07 (0.50, 2.28) 1.11 (0.49, 2.51)
Household wealth index
  Poorest 20% 9/151 60 (28, 110) 1  
  Middle 40% 23/313 73 (47, 108) 1.23 (0.58, 2.73)  
  Richest 40% 17/320 53 (31, 84) 0.97 (0.44, 2.16)  
Antenatal care attendance
  No 16/215 74 (43, 118) 1.20 (0.66, 2.18)  
  Yes 33/569 58 (40, 80) 1  
Place of birth     
  Home/TBA 30/419 72 (49, 101) 1.33 (0.75, 2.36)  
  Hospital/clinic 19/365 52 (32, 80) 1  
Peer counselling for exclusive breastfeeding
  No 18/378 48 (28, 74) 0.64 (0.36,1.13)  
  Yes 31/406 76 (52, 107) 1  
  1. *CI indicates confidence interval and HR indicates hazards ratio(s) obtained from Cox proportional hazards models.
  2. aModel adjusted for age of the child in days and clustering to take into account the design of the PROMISE-EBF trial.
  3. bincludes women that were separated, divorced or widowed.