Skip to main content

Table 1 Participant characteristics at enrollment at the Toronto site of the At Home/Chez Soi study

From: Cardiovascular risk factors and 30-year cardiovascular risk in homeless adults with mental illness

 Characteristica Total sample (N=352)b
Age, mean (SD), y 38.7 ± 10.6
Gender  
Female 102 (29.0)
Male 250 (71.0)
Country of birth  
Canada 179 (51.0)
Other 172 (49.0)
Ethnic Background c  
Ethno-Racial 217 (64.6)
Non Ethno-Racial 119 (35.4)
Current Housing Status  
Absolutely homeless 331 (94.0)
Precariously housed 21 (6.0)
Total length of homelessness lifetime, mean (SD), y 4.76 ± 5.82
Longest period of homeless, mean (SD), y 2.74 ± 4.43
Written documentation of mental illness 105 (30.3)
MINI Results d  
Depressive Episode 130 (36.9)
Manic/Hypomanic Episode 39 (11.1)
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder 79 (22.4)
Panic Disorder 50 (14.2)
Mood Disorder with Psychotic Features 65 (18.5)
Psychotic Disorder 134 (38.1)
Suicidality 231 (65.6)
Alcohol Dependence 101 (28.7)
Alcohol Abuse 44 (12.5)
Substance Dependence 128 (36.4)
Substance Abuse 32 (9.1)
Access to family physician 227 (65.0)
No access to medical care when it was requiredf 123 (34.9)
  1. aN(%), unless otherwise noted.
  2. bData missing for the following characteristics:, Total Length of Homelessness (N = 6) Longest Period of Homelessness (N = 3), Years of School Completed (N = 2), Written Documentation of Mental Illness (N = 5), Has family physician (N = 2).
  3. cIndividuals who self-identified as not belonging to either an ethno-racial or non ethno-racial group (e.g. Aboriginals) were excluded from this analysis. As a result the total N for the Ethnic Background variable is 336.
  4. dThe MINI was administered at study entry, and diagnoses correspond to a “current” diagnosis at that point.
  5. eSuicidality includes individuals who indicated low, moderate and high levels of suicidality.
  6. f“No access” means the participant had need of healthcare but did not have access to healthcare.