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Table 2 Unadjusted and age-adjusted prevalence of HIV and cardiometabolic risk factors by sex, Agincourt sub-district, South Africa, 2010–2011 [All estimates include sampling weights; age adjustment based on 2009 Agincourt census population; figures are % (with 95% confidence intervals]

From: Cardiometabolic disease risk and HIV status in rural South Africa: establishing a baseline

  Women Men  
  Unadjusted Age-adjusted Unadjusted Age-adjusted p-value (age-adjusted)
HIV+ 23 26 10 19 <0.001
  [21, 24] [24, 28] [9, 11] [17, 21]  
Hypertensiona (whole sample) 40 39 30 37 0.301
  [38, 43] [37, 41] [27, 33] [35, 40]  
Hypertensiona (HIV negative) 40 40 29 37 0.233
  [38, 43] [37, 42] [26, 32] [35, 41]  
High waist circumferenceb 42 43 4 6 <0.001
  [40, 45] [41, 45] [3, 5] [5, 8]  
Probable diabetesc 3 2 1 2 0.328
  [2, 4] [2, 3] [1, 2] [1, 3]  
Obesityd 25 26 5 7 <0.001
  [23, 27] [24, 28] [3, 6] [5, 8]  
High triglyceridese 23 22 20 24 0.096
  [21, 25] [20, 23] [17, 22] [22, 27]  
High LDL cholesterolf 31 28 14 17 <0.001
  [28, 33] [25, 30] [11, 16] [15, 20]  
Low HDL cholesterolg 28 29 16 12 <0.001
  [26, 30] [27, 32] [14, 19] [10, 14]  
Any condition requiring chronic careh 54 56 36 49 <0.001
  [52, 57] [53, 58] [33, 40] [46, 51]  
  1. aSystolic blood pressure greater than or equal to 140 mmHg, or diastolic blood pressure greater than or equal to 90 mmHg or use of antihypertensive medication.
  2. bGreater than 102 cm for men and 88 cm for women.
  3. cRandom blood glucose greater than or equal to 11.1.
  4. dBody mass index (kg/m2) 30 or higher.
  5. eGreater than or equal to 1.7 mmol/l.
  6. fGreater than or equal to 3.0 mmol/l.
  7. gLess than 1.04 mmol/l for men and 1.29 mmol/l for women.
  8. hEither HIV+, hypertensive or diabetic.