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Table 3 Adjusted relative risks [with 95% confidence intervals] of over-reporting, defined as reporting a Pap test in the past 3 years (cervix group), a mammogram in the past 2 years (breast group), and a fecal occult blood test in the past 2 years (FOBT group), but with no record of same in administrative data

From: The validity of self-reported cancer screening history and the role of social disadvantage in Ontario, Canada

   Cervix group Breast group FOBT group
Age 24-52 years vs. 53–69 years 0.88 [0.84-0.92]* n/a n/a
Gender Male vs. female n/a n/a 0.81 [0.71-0.92]*
Birthplace Canadian-born vs. foreign-born 0.99 [0.94-1.06] 1.06 [0.96-1.16] 1.00 [0.84-1.19]
Ethnicity White vs. non-White 0.85 [0.78-0.92]* 1.00 [0.85-1.18] 1.17 [0.90-1.53]
Education Status High school or higher vs. less than high school 0.89 [0.84-0.94]* 0.95 [0.87-1.03] 0.89 [0.76-1.05]
Employment Employed vs. not employed 0.98 [0.94-1.03] 1.02 [0.94-1.10] 1.18 [1.03-1.36]*
Mother Tongue English vs. non-English 0.92 [0.87-0.97]* 1.00 [0.91-1.10] 0.91 [0.77-1.08]
Household Income More than $30,000 vs. $30,000 or less 0.96 [0.92-1.00]* 0.84 [0.77-0.91]* 0.89 [0.77-1.03]
Self-Perceived Health Excellent vs. poor 1.02 [0.97-1.07] 1.10 [0.99-1.23] 0.99 [0.83-1.17]
  Very good vs. poor 0.97 [0.92-1.02] 1.09 [0.97-1.22] 0.84 [0.69-1.01]
  Good vs. poor 0.94 [0.87-1.02] 1.07 [0.94-1.23] 0.90 [0.71-1.14]
  Fair vs. poor 0.93 [0.82-1.04] 1.08 [0.91-1.29] 1.13 [0.83-1.54]
  1. Adjusted for variables listed in table.
  2. *Statistically significant result.