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Table 1 The table shows the differences between Danish HBSC schools in 2006 and 2010

From: Health promotion in primary and secondary schools in Denmark: time trends and associations with schools’ and students’ characteristics

  Year  
2006 2010 p-value
(n=74) (n=69)
School compositional characteristics
  Number of students at the schools (mean, SD) 374 (202) 304 (215) 0.157
  Number of teachers at the schools (mean, SD) 33 (19) 28 (19) 0.124
  Number of students per teacher (mean, SD) 11 (2) 11 (2) 0.890
  Ethnic minorities (mean %, SD) 11 (20) 7 (14) 0.251
  Number of grades included in the study (%)    
  5th grade 66 (89%) 54 (78%) 0.075
  7th grade 61 (82%) 60 (87%) 0.454
  9th grade 21 (28%) 24 (35%) 0.410
Facilities for health promotion projects
  Number of schools indication that the facilities correspond to the school’s needs (n,%)    
  Outdoor areas 35 (47%) 35 (51%) 0.682
  Access to (healthy) foods 14 (19%) 15 (23%) 0.579
  Dining hall 9 (12%) 6 (9%) 0.519
  Gym or sports center 50 (68%) 29 (43%) 0.003
  Sports equipment 37 (50%) 21 (31%) 0.021
Behavioral characteristics of the students*
  Fruit daily (mean %, SD) 43% (9) 50% (11) < 0.001
  Vegetables daily (mean %, SD) 37% (9) 42% (12) 0.003
  Sweets ≤1 time/week (mean %, SD) 42% (11) 49% (13) 0.003
  Soft drinks ≤1 time/week (mean %, SD) 57% (11) 60% (12) 0.047
  Physically active ≥4 times/week (mean %, SD) 41% (9) 34% (9) < 0.001
  Non-smokers (mean %, SD) 91% (6) 92% (6) 0.040
  Not been bullied (mean %, SD) 74% (9) 79% (8) 0.001
  No binge-drinking (mean %, SD)** 44% (18) 69% (14) < 0.001
  No sexual intercourse (mean %, SD)** 62% (13) 62% (13) 0.756
  1. *Expressed as mean percentage, calculated as the sum of the percentage of students eating fruit daily at each school divided by the number of schools, and similarly for the remaining behavioral characteristics.
  2. **Only obtained from 9th graders.
  3. Significant values are written in bold face.