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Table 4 Linear regression of minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity across sites in 1 minute bouts (standard error in parentheses)

From: Association of car ownership and physical activity across the spectrum of human development: Modeling the Epidemiologic Transition Study (METS)

MVPA Univariate Model 1 Model 2
(Car + material goods) (BMI + model 1)
Site (vs. USA)    
Seychelles 5.5 (1.8)* −1.8 (1.8) −4.3 (1.8)*
Jamaica 0.4 (1.8) −8.3 (1.9)* −10.7 (1.9)*
South Africa 13.4 (1.7)* 1.3 (2.3) −0.22 (2.3)
Ghana 11.0 (1.8)* 0.0 (2.3) −3.5 (2.4)
Female (vs. male) −19.0 (1.1)* −20.6 (1.0)* −18.0 (1.1)*
Age (per year) −0.1 (0.09) −0.14 (0.08) 0.00(0.08)
Income per person ($10 k) −2.6 (0.69)* 0.52 (0.78) 0.52 (0.77)
# Goods owned −1.3 (0.15)* −0.47 (0.22)* −0.36 (0.22)
Car owned (vs. no) −12.0 (1.2)* −12.6 (1.4)* −12.5 (1.4)*
BMI (per kg/m2) −1.02 (0.08)*   −0.53 (0.08)*
Constant 24.3 (1.3) 77.7 (5.0) 87.0 (5.1)
  1. *denotes p < 0.05.
  2. Note: Univariate models do not adjust for any other variables in the model. Model 1 adjusts for all variables in the table except for body mass index (BMI), including site indicator variable, gender, age, income, number of goods owned, and car ownership; model 2 adds BMI to these variables in model 1.
  3. Includes subjects with complete covariate information (n = 2,101).
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