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Table 5 Questions from literature regarding risk perceptions and knowledge of child exposure to tobacco smoke

From: Parental risk perceptions of child exposure to tobacco smoke

Study ID Question + scale for answer Author definition Inferred dimension
Bock How much do you think other people’s smoking affects your baby’s health Scale: 1-5 Risk perception Severity
Chen 2013 Smoking has bad impact on children’s health Perception, consequence Harm
Children’s health is affected
Scale: 1–5, strongly agree to strongly disagree
Drehmer, Winickoff Breathing air in a room where people smoked yesterday can harm children today (third hand smoke) Health risks (thirdhand smoke) Harm
Scale: 1–4 agreement, strongly agreed – strongly disagreed
Evans and Gilmore 'Do you think that living with someone who smokes does, or does not, increase a child's risk of: asthma/ear infection/cot death/chest infections/other infections?' Knowledge Susceptibility
Scale: Binary (yes/no)
Farber How much effect do you think exposure to tobacco smoke has on your child’s asthma? Beliefs Severity
Scale: 4 categories: No/small/moderate/large negative effect.
Helgason Children exposed to ETS more likely to have inner ear/respiratory diseases/asthma attacks Health risk awareness Susceptibility
Scale: 1-4
Lonergan A nonsmoker who regularly breathes in someone else’s smoke increases the risk of a nonsmoker getting… ear infections in children (Increases risk/does not increase risk) Risk perceptions Susceptibility
Lund & Helgason Children exposed to ETS are more likely to have inner ear/respiratory diseases/ Health risk awareness Susceptibility
Scale: 1-4
McMillan Inhaled smoke from a parent’s cigarette harms health of infants and children Knowledge of harm Harm
Scale: 1–4 agreement/ disagreement
Wagener From Perceived vulnerability scale: Risk perception, Perceived vulnerability, optimism bias Susceptibility
How much do you believe that
a. your smoking is related to your child’s asthma symptoms Severity
b. your smoking increases the frequency of your child’s asthma attacks Severity
c. your smoking affects how bad your child’s asthma is Severity
d. your smoking increases the chance that your child will have to go to the emergency room or be hospitalized for an asthma attack? Susceptibility/Severity
From Optimistic Bias scale: Susceptibility/Severity
Compared to other children with asthma whose parents don’t smoke, what are the chances that Susceptibility/Severity
a. your child will have an asthma attack Susceptibility/Severity
b. your child’s asthma symptoms getting worse,
c. your child will have to visit the emergency room for an asthma attack
d. your child will have to visit a doctor because of worsening asthma
Scale: 1–5, low – high risk
Winickoff 2009 Inhaled smoke from a parent’s cigarette harms health of infants and children Health beliefs Harm
Harm
Breathing air in a room today where people smoked yesterday can harm
Health of infants and children
Scale: 1–4 agreement