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Table 4 Statistical model results: risk perceptions and family smoking in the home

From: Parental risk perceptions of child exposure to tobacco smoke

  Model 1: outcome: risk perception Model 3: outcome: family smoking in home Model 4: outcome: family smoking in home
(N=131) (N=131) (N=131)
Least squared means Odds ratio Odds ratio
Type III p-values [Confidence Interval], [Confidence Interval],
p-value p-value
Status (regular smoker vs. other) Regular smokers: 14.01 Regular smoker vs. other: Regular smoker vs. other:
Others: 16.04 OR:45.00 [9.98,202.94] OR:24.25 [6.90,85.20]
p-value: .0158 p-value: <.0001 p-value: <.0001
Risk perception   OR: 0.93 [0.81,1.07] OR: 0.88 [0.78,1.003]
p-value: .3224 p-value: .0560
Parent (father vs. mother) Father: 14.37 OR: 1.36 [0.30,6.15] OR: 1.37 [0.34,5.59]
Mother: 15.68 p-value:.6865 p-value:.6624
p-value: .1974
Work status Full: 15.23 No vs.full-time: OR: 4.45 No vs.full-time: OR: 5.87
No vs. full-time No: 14.93 [1.16,17.02] [1.60,21.63]
Part vs. full-time Part: 14.91 Part vs. full-time: OR: 0.44 Part vs. full-time: OR: 0.46
p-value: .9214 [0.95,2.00] [0.11,1.94]
p-value:.0181 p-value:.0042
Origin Israel: 16.29 Russia vs. Israel: OR: Not in model
Russia vs. Israel Other: 15.54 4.03[0.93,17.37]
Other vs. Israel Russia: 13.26 Other vs. Israel: 0.41
p-value: .0019 [0.09,1.96]
p-value: .0433
Age (30 years + vs. <30 years) 30+: 14.42 30+ vs. <30: OR:1.09 30+ vs. <30: OR:0.75
<30: 15.63 [0.34,3.52] [0.26,2.20]
p-value: .1192 p-value:.8885 p-value:.6056
Education (<=12 years vs.12+ years) 0-12:14.39 <=12 vs. 12+: 0.996 [0.32,3.07] <=12 vs. 12+: 1.12 [0.39,3.25]
>12:15.66 p-value:.9941 p-value:.8367
p-value: .1145  
Religiosity (Ultra Orthodox and religious vs. secular or traditional) Religious, Haredi:15.29 Haredi/religious vs. Haredi/religious vs.
Secular, traditional: 14.76 secular/traditional: 2.60 secular/traditional: 0.98
p-value: .5977 [0.50,13.46] [0.26,3.75]
p-value:.2562 p-value:.9750
Marital Divorced:12.83 Divorced vs. Married: 0.21 Divorced vs. Married: 0.12
(Divorced vs. Married Married: 15.37 [0.01,7.57] [0.004,3.08]
Single vs. Married) Single: 16.87 Single vs. Married: 0.87 Single vs. Married: 1.47
p-value: .2597 [0.08,8.99] [0.18,11.90]
p-value:.6875 p-value:.3205
Income (in thousands of New Israeli Shekels) 12+: 15.16 5-12 vs. 12+: 1.25 [0.36,4.42] 5-12 vs. 12+: 1.11[0.34,3.62]
5-12: 14.57 5 vs. 12+: 1.04 [0.10,10.60] 5 vs. 12+: 0.76 [0.08,7.14]
5-12 vs. 12+ <5:15.35 p-value:.9278 p-value: .9221
<5 vs. 12+ p-value:.6644
  1. The variable, Risk Perception, was obtained by summing responses to three questions pertaining to individual dimensions of risk perception: likelihood, severity, and susceptibility. As those questions were asked on a scale from 1–7, the outcome variable can range from 3–21. Higher values indicate higher perceptions of risk.
  2. Model 1: Multivariate analysis of variance. Models 3, 4: Multivariate logistic regression.