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Table 2 Overall and gender-specific prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors

From: Sociodemographic factors associated with multiple cardiovascular risk factors among Malaysian adults

Characteristics Overall Men (n = 1044) Women (n = 1528)
% (95% CI) % (95% CI) % (95% CI)
Biological    
 Hypercholesterolemia 53.5 (47.3, 59.7) 53.2 (44.7, 61.5) 53.9 (49.2, 58.5)
 General and/or abdominal obesity 48.8 (45.4, 52.2) 40.9 (36.3, 45.8) 57.2 (53.4, 60.9)
 Hypertriglyceridemia 27.8 (20.8, 36.0) 31.9 (26.4, 38.1) 23.3 (14.7, 34.8)
 Hypertension 25.8 (23.2, 28.6) 26.2 (22.5, 30.2) 25.4 (22.5, 28.5)
 Diabetes mellitus 11.0 (9.2, 13.2) 9.8 (7.3, 12.9) 12.4 (10.6, 14.4)
 Lifestyle    
 Inadequate vegetable and fruit intake 72.8 (69.5, 75.9) 70.3 (65.6, 74.5) 75.5 (72.4, 78.4)
 Inadequate physical activity 41.3 (37.4, 45.3) 36.8 (32.9, 40.8) 46.2 (41.0, 51.4)
 Smoking 25.5 (23.0, 28.2) 46.5 (42.3, 50.8) 3.0 (2.1, 4.3)
 Risky drinking 0.7 (0.3, 1.6) 1.2 (0.5, 3.1) 0.1 (0.02, 0.5)
Total number of biological and/or lifestyle risk factors    
 0 1.5 (0.8, 2.7) 1.3 (0.5, 3.3) 1.8 (1.1, 2.9)
 1 10.5 (8.6, 12.7) 9.9 (7.4, 13.3) 11.1 (8.4, 14.3)
 2 25.5 (22.3, 29.0) 24.5 (19.8, 30.0) 26.6 (24.0, 29.3)
 3 26.2 (23.4, 29.2) 24.7 (20.8, 29.1) 27.8 (24.7, 31.2)
 4 20.9 (19.0, 23.0) 22.5 (19.0, 26.4) 19.2 (16.8, 22.0)
 5 10.2 (8.8, 11.7) 10.8 (8.8, 13.2) 9.5 (7.7, 11.5)
 6 3.8 (3.1, 4.6) 4.1 (3.0, 5.6) 3.4 (2.6, 4.5)
 7 1.4 (0.9, 2.0) 2.0 (1.3, 3.2) 0.6 (0.4, 1.1)
≥3 biological/lifestyle risk factors 62.5 (58.5, 66.3) 64.3 (57.7, 70.4) 60.6 (56.9, 64.2)