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Table 2 Odds ratios for ALRI among children <5 years old: gas stove heating versus cooking only

From: A cross sectional analysis of behaviors related to operating gas stoves and pneumonia in U.S. children under the age of 5

  Crude OR 95% CI Adjusted OR 95% CI
Pneumoniac 2.15 1.25, 3.70 2.08a 1.08, 4.03
Coughc 1.45 0.99, 2.12 1.66b 1.14, 2.43
  1. aModel adjusted for age, parental education, census region, race, household income < $20,000, ever breastfed, and environmental tobacco smoke (N = 3,240).
  2. bModel adjusted for parental education, census region, race, household income < $20,000, ever breastfed, and environmental tobacco smoke (N = 3,084).
  3. cThe reference group for each comparison are homes that reported cooking only heating.