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Table 1 Description of study participants according to IFG/T2D status, Yaoundé, Cameroon, 2007

From: Risk factors of impaired fasting glucose and type 2 diabetes in Yaoundé, Cameroon: a cross sectional study

Variable All IFG/T2D Non IFG/T2D P-value*
(n = 1623) (n = 93) (n = 1530)  
  N % n % N %  
Gender        
Male 666 41.0 55 45.1 611 40.7  
Female 957 59.0 67 54.9 890 59.3 0.345
Age group (years)        
25-24 768 47.3 22 18.0 746 49.7  
35-44 278 17.1 22 18.0 256 17.1  
45-54 337 20.8 38 31.2 299 19.9  
55-64 170 10.5 34 27.9 136 9.1  
65+ 70 4.3 6 4.9 64 4.3 <0.001
Marital status        
Married 852 52.5 84 68.9 768 51.2  
Single 584 36.0 20 16.4 564 37.6  
Others 187 11.5 18 14.8 169 11.3 <0.001
Occupation (n = 1526)        
Civil servant/Private sector 591 38.7 51 46.4 540 38.1  
Self-employed/unpaid subsistence farming 259 16.9 18 16.4 241 17.0  
Student 197 12.9 4 3.6 193 13.6  
Retired/House keeper 288 18.9 30 27.3 258 18.2  
Unemployed 191 12.5 7 6.3 184 12.9 <0.001
Highest level of education (n = 1607)        
Never went to school to completed primary school 366 22.8 31 25.6 335 22.5  
Completed secondary school 405 25.2 30 24.8 375 25.2  
Completed high school 391 24.3 27 22.3 364 24.5  
Completed university 445 27.7 33 27.3 412 27.7 0.873
Weight status        
Underweight to normal 593 36.5 30 24.6 563 37.5  
Overweight 562 34.6 42 34.4 520 34.6  
Obese 468 28.8 50 41.0 418 27.9 0.003
Waist-to-hip ratio        
<0.90(men) or <0.85(women) 1029 63.4 48 39.3 981 65.4  
>0.90(men) or >0.85(women) 594 36.6 74 60.7 520 34.6 <0.001
Waist circumference        
≤94(men) ≤ 80 cm(women) 743 45.8 40 32.8 703 46.8  
94 > & < 102(men)80 > &88 cm (women) 313 19.3 18 14.8 295 19.7  
≥102 cm(men) ≥ 88 cm(women) 567 34.9 64 52.4 503 33.5 <0.001
Hypertension        
Yes 432 26.6 51 41.8 381 25.4  
No 1191 73.4 71 48.2 1120 74.6 <0.001
Smoking (n = 1 607)        
Never 1219 75.9 91 75.8 1128 75.9  
Former 266 16.5 19 15.8 247 16.6  
Current 122 7.6 10 8.3 112 7.5 0.935
Alcohol consumption        
Never 269 16.7 19 15.6 250 16.7  
Former 293 18.2 23 18.9 270 18.1  
Current 1051 65.1 80 65.5 971 65.1 0.935
General physical activity        
None 628 38.6 37 30.3 591 39.4  
Low intensity 837 51.6 73 59.8 764 50.9  
Moderate activity 87 5.4 4 3.3 83 5.5  
Vigorous activity 71 4.4 8 6.6 63 4.2 0.084
Walking/cycling for at least 10 minutes (n = 1 609)        
Yes 1339 83.2 96 80.7 1 243 83.4  
No 270 16.8 23 19.3 247 16.6 0.440
Activity during recreation/leisure (n = 1614)        
None 89 5.5 2 1.7 87 5.8  
Low intensity 1394 86.4 105 88.2 1 289 86.2  
Moderate activity 42 2.6 4 3.4 38 2.5  
Vigorous activity 89 5.5 8 6.7 81 5.4 0.251
Fruit consumption/week (n = 1 471)        
0/day 299 20.3 26 22.0 273 20.2  
1-2 days 252 17.1 29 24.6 223 16.5  
3-4 days 731 49.7 44 37.3 687 50.8  
5-7 days 189 12.9 19 16.1 170 12.5 0.025
Vegetable consumption/week(n = 1 555)        
1-2 days 183 11.8 19 16.1 164 11.4  
3-4 days 407 26.1 37 31.4 370 25.8  
5-7 days 965 62.1 62 52.5 903 62.8 0.074
  1. *Chi-square test for comparison of distribution of variable categories for IFG/T2D versus non IFG/T2D.