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Table 2 Classification of emergency obstetric care by availability of medical services, or signal functions [4,5,19]

From: Availability of emergency obstetric care (EmOC) among public and private health facilities in rural northwest Bangladesh

Level of emergency obstetric care Provision of signal functions
Basic emergency obstetric care (BEmOC) 1. Administration of parenteral antibiotics (for postpartum sepsis or complications of abortion)
2. Administration of uterotonic drugs (i.e. parenteral oxytocin) (for prolonged or obstructed labor or postpartum hemorrhage)
3. Administration of parenteral anticonvulsants (i.e. magnesium sulfate) (for pre-eclampsia and eclampsia)
4. Manual removal of placenta (for postpartum hemorrhage)
5. Removal of retained products (e.g. manual vacuum extraction, dilation and curettage) (for postpartum sepsis, postpartum hemorrhage, or complications of abortion)
6. Assisted vaginal delivery (e.g. vacuum extraction, forceps delivery) (for prolonged or obstructed labor)
7. Basic neonatal resuscitation (e.g. with bag and mask) (for prolonged or obstructed labor, pre-eclampsia or eclampsia, or newborn distress)
Comprehensive emergency obstetric care (CEmOC) CEmOC facilities offer all seven basic EmOC signal functions as well as:
8. Surgery (e.g. Caesarean section) (for antepartum hemorrhage, postpartum hemorrhage, pre-eclampsia or eclampsia, prolonged or obstructed labor, postpartum sepsis, complications of abortion, newborn distress, uterine rupture, or ectopic pregnancy)
9. Blood transfusion (for antepartum hemorrhage, postpartum hemorrhage, complications of abortion, ectopic pregnancy, uterine rupture)
  1. Facilities that offer the seven basic signal functions are considered BEmOC facilities. Facilities that offer all seven basic signal functions as well as the two comprehensive medical services are considered CEmOC facilities [4,5,19].