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Table 4 Baseline and post-intervention anthropometric, clinical and biochemical parameters in hypertensive patients by mode of health education on hypertension (Group 1, self-learning reading; Group 2, regular lecture; Group 3, interactive workshop)

From: Community-based interventions in hypertensive patients: a comparison of three health education strategies

  Group Baseline Post-intervention P a P b P c
Normalized blood pressure      0.872 <0.001
  1 44 (37.9) 50 (43.1) 0.451   
  2 47 (41.2) 72 (63.2) <0.001   
  3 47 (40.2) 101 (86.3) <0.001   
Systolic BP, mmHg      0.003 0.014
  1 140.2±17.9 139.4±16.7 0.611   
  2 143.9±16.2 134.8±15.9 <0.001   
  3 148.7±21.5 133.7±13.6 <0.001   
Diastolic BP, mmHg      0.010 0.001
  1 86.7±11.2 85.2±10.66 0.177   
  2 85.8±10.7 80.4±11.2 <0.001   
  3 90.7±16.5 81.2±8.0 <0.001   
BMI      0.111 0.001
  1 26.2±4.0 25.9±4.1 <0.001   
  2 25.6±3.5 25.5±2.9 0.361   
  3 25.2±3.7 24.1±3.7 <0.001   
Waist circumference      0.181 0.028
  1 87.0±12.1 86.0±9.5 0.207   
  2 88.8±8.8 88.7±8.5 0.488   
  3 89.3±8.7 88.7±8.2 <0.001   
Triglycerides, mg/dL      <0.001 <0.001
  1 209.9±72.6 175.6±66.8 <0.001   
  2 136.4±63.4 137.3±49.4 0.871   
  3 153.7±70.5 149.9±81.0 0.658   
Total Cholesterol, mg/dL      0.490 0.741
  1 197.7±101.5 191.2±83.8 0.154   
  2 205.7±61.3 193.6±30.9 0.010   
  3 208.8±43.3 196.8±40.1 <0.001   
LDL-cholesterol, mg/dL      0.942 0.404
  1 102.5±34.7 104.7±33.9 0.019   
  2 103.9±30.5 104.6±20.9 0.808   
  3 103.1±28.7 100.3±29.1 <0.001   
HDL-cholesterol, mg/dL      0.016 0.126
  1 41.0±7.4 43.0±9.2 0.007   
  2 42.6±7.9 43.7±11.7 0.370   
  3 39.7±7.5 41.3±5.5 0.038   
  1. Data presented are mean± SD or n (%).
  2. aP values in paired t-tests (continuous data) or paired Chi-square tests (categorical data) for differences between the baseline and post-intervention.
  3. bP values in ANOVA (for continuous variables) or Chi-square (for categorical variables) test among the three groups at the baseline survey.
  4. cP values in ANOVA (for continuous variables) or Chi-square (for categorical variables) test for differences among the three groups after the intervention.