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Table 2 Basic characteristics of positive and negative rotavirus diarrhea associated with hospitalization below 5 years of age

From: Anticipating rotavirus vaccines – a pre-vaccine assessment of incidence and economic burden of rotavirus hospitalizations among children < 5 year of age in Libya, 2012-13

Characteristics Positive-rotavirus Negative-rotavirus p-value
No. (%) No. (%)
Rotavirus Cases 239 (58) 171 (42) 0.001
Places of Study (Districts)    
  Zliten 118 (49) 71 (42) 0.116
  Khoms 121 (51) 100 (58)  
Gender    
  Male 140 (59) 99 (58) 0.921
  Female 101 (41) 70 (42)  
Place of Living    
  Urban 62 (26) 42 (25) 0.752
  Rural 177 (74) 129 (75)  
Duration of Symptoms    
  <2 Weeks 233 (97) 165 (96) 0.810
  2 weeks and Above 6 (3) 6 (4)  
Length of Hospital Stay    0.000
  <7 Days 227 (95) 237 (99)  
  8 Days and Above 12 (5) 2 (1)  
Fever 154 (64) 118 (69) 0.335
Vomiting 233 (97) 146 (85) 0.000
Dehydration Degree    0.022
  Severe Dehydration 97 (41) 57 (33)  
  Moderate Dehydration 138 (58) 102 (60)  
  No Dehydration 4 (2) 12 (7)  
Rehydration Treatment    
  Treatment with IVF 237 (99) 168 (98) 0.404
  Treatment with ORT 2 (1) 3 (2)