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Table 4 Poisson regression models rate ratios of infant and child mortality covariates for Kenya’s malaria prone areas

From: Effects of bed nets and anti-malaria drugs use on childhood mortality in Kenya’s malaria endemic and epidemic areas

Covariate 0-11 months 12-59 months
Sub model Full model Sub model Full model
Bed nets use by children     
Higher (>60%) 1.171 1.259 1.504 1.255
Lower (<= 60%) [RC] 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000
Prompt treatment with anti-malaria drugs for children with fever     
Higher (>45%) 0.819 0.763*** 0.547*** 0.620**
Lower (<= 45%) [RC] 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000
Anti-malaria drugs use during pregnancy for prevention     
Higher (>44%) 0.941 0.959 1.655 1.275
Lower (<= 44%) [RC] 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000
Mean breastfeeding duration     
Longer (>13.5 months) - 0.481*** - 0.422*
Shorter (<= 13.5 months) [RC] - 1.000 - 1.000
Toilet facility type     
Improved - 0.295*** - 0.436***
Non improved [RC] - 1.000 - 1.000
  1. Notes:
  2. 1. RC – Reference category; ***p < 0.000; **p < 0.01; *p < 0.05.
  3. 2. Cut point values for the categorical variables are discussed in section on Methods.