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Table 3 Poisson regression models rate ratios of under-five mortality covariates for Kenya’s malaria prone areas

From: Effects of bed nets and anti-malaria drugs use on childhood mortality in Kenya’s malaria endemic and epidemic areas

Covariate Highland epidemic Coast endemic Lake endemic All malaria prone
Sub model Full model Sub model Full model Sub model Full model Sub model Full model
Bed nets use by children         
Higher (>60%) 3.478*** 1.961 0.631 0.449 0.502 1.340 1.654** 1.179
Lower (<= 60%) [RC] 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000
Prompt treatment with anti-malaria drugs for children with fever         
Higher (>45%) 0.516 0.877 1.588 7.217** 0.704 0.984 0.610** 0.896
Lower (<= 45%) [RC] 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000
Anti-malaria drugs use during pregnancy for prevention         
Higher (>44%) 0.608* 0.344** 1.488 0.658 0.635 0.710 1.321 0.950
Lower (<= 44%) [RC] 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000
Mean breastfeeding duration in months         
Longer (>13.5) - 0.412 - 1.414 - 0.389*** - 0.424***
Shorter (<= 13.5) [RC] - 1.000 - 1.000 - 1.000 - 1.000
Toilet facility type         
Improved - 1.503 - 0.320*** - 0.865 - 0.635
Non improved [RC] - 1.000 - 1.000 - 1.000 - 1.000
Age of child in months         
12-59 - 0.002*** - 0.002*** - 0.014*** - 0.008***
0 – 11 [RC] - 1.000 - 1.000 - 1.000 - 1.000
  1. Notes:
  2. 1. RC – Reference category; ***p < 0.000; **p < 0.01; *p < 0.05.
  3. 2. Cut point values for the categorical variables are discussed in section on Methods.