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Table 1 Annual incidence rate of selected infectious diseases in Upper East Region and two Districts from January 2011 to December 2013, Ghana

From: Evaluation of the integrated disease surveillance and response system for infectious diseases control in northern Ghana

  Kassena Nankana East (KNE) Kassena Nankana West (KNW) Upper East Region (UER)
Year 2011 2012 2013 2011 2012 2013 2011 2012 2013
Total Population 111,263 112,598 113,950 71,515 72,373 73,242 1,059,104 1,071,811 1,084,676
Malaria  
Suspected malaria 68,162 51,789 54,079 52,702 68,119 50,869 753,414 937,991 928,273
Confirmed malaria 11,190 12,326 19,266 16,661 15,982 20,981 230,262 322,151 410,731
IR of suspected malaria 0.6126 0.4599 0.4746 0.7369 0.9412 0.6945 0.7114 0.8751 0.8558
IR of confirmed malaria 0.1006 0.1095 0.1691 0.2330 0.2208 0.2865 0.2174 0.3006 0.3787
Cholera  
Suspected cholera 1 51 0 0 143 0 18 257 23
Confirmed cholera 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
IR of suspected cholera /10000 0.0899 4.5294 0.0000 0.0000 19.7587 0.0000 0.1700 2.3978 0.2120
Meningitis  
Suspected meningitis 67 68 0 2 10 1 156 392 6
Confirmed meningitis 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 34 15
IR of suspected meningitis /10000 6.0218 6.0392 0.0000 0.2797 1.3817 0.1365 1.4729 3.6574 0.0553
IR of confirmed meningitis /10000 0.0000 0.0000 0.3510 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.3172 0.1383
HIV/AIDS  
Suspected HIV/AIDS 5 0 1 29 17 9 576 376 421
Confirmed HIV/AIDS 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 61 231
IR of suspected HIV/AIDS /10000 0.4494 0.0000 0.0878 4.0551 2.3489 1.2288 5.4386 3.5081 3.8813
IR of confirmed HIV/AIDS/10000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0878 0.0000 0.1382 0.0000 0.0000 0.5691 2.1297
Poliomyelitis  
Suspected poliomyelitis 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3
Confirmed poliomyelitis 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Guinea worm  
Suspected guinea worm 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Confirmed guinea worm 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Under-five population 22,253 22,520 22,790 14,303 14,475 14,648 211,821 214,362 216,935
Pneumonia in under-five children          
Suspected pneumonia* 200 177 377 140 134 284 3,592 3,956 4,954
IR of suspected pneumonia 0.0090 0.0079 0.0165 0.0098 0.0093 0.0194 0.0170 0.0185 0.0228
  1. *Pneumonia cases were only reported for under-five children; no confirmation data was available for suspected cases on DHIMS2.