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Table 2 Multivariable logistic regression models: aware of VCT and ever tested in VCT

From: HIV testing service awareness and service uptake among female heads of household in rural Mozambique: results from a province-wide survey

  Adjusted odds ratio for aware of VCT P-value Adjusted odds ratio for ever tested in VCT P-value
  (95% CI)   (95% CI)
Number of households in model 3708   1162  
Age (years)   0.02a   0.53
 20 1.10 (0.82, 1.47)   1.15 (0.75, 1.77)  
 30 1.47 (1.12, 1.93)   1.10 (0.82, 1.47)  
 40 1.18 (1.01, 1.38)   1.05 (0.91, 1.21)  
 50 (ref) 1   1  
 65 0.85 (0.55, 1.31)   0.93 (0.75, 1.16)  
Education (years)   <0.01a   0.21
 0 (ref) 1   1  
 1 0.99 (0.89, 1.09)   1.04 (0.98, 1.12)  
 2 1.00 (0.83, 1.20)   1.09 (0.95, 1.25)  
 5 1.32 (0.98, 1.79)   1.24 (0.88, 1.75)  
 10 2.88 (1.61, 5.16)   1.54 (0.78, 3.05)  
Distance to Clinic (per 1 kilometer decrease) 1.05 (1.03, 1.07) <0.01 1.00 (0.97, 1.03) 0.96
Urban 2.31 (1.45, 3.68) <0.01 1.36 (0.91, 2.04) 0.13
Primary Language   <0.01   0.32
 Elomwe (ref) 1   1  
 Cinyanja 2.13 (1.39, 3.28)   1.11 (0.56, 2.20)  
 Cisena 0.83 (0.62, 1.13)   0.92 (0.59, 1.45)  
 Echuabo 1.83 (1.38, 2.43)   0.75 (0.53, 1.06)  
 Emakhuwa 1.02 (0.31, 3.35)   0.36 (0.04, 3.20)  
 Portuguese 2.53 (1.37, 4.70)   0.60 (0.33, 1.09)  
Understands Portuguese 1.10 (0.89, 1.35) 0.38 1.29 (0.95, 1.75) 0.12
Marital status   0.63   0.21
 Married/Common Law (ref) 1   1  
 Single 0.89 (0.70, 1.12)   1.35 (.98, 1.86)  
 Divorced/Separated 0.79 (0.52, 1.12)   0.80 (0.41, 1.55)  
 Widowed 0.95 (0.65, 1.38)   1.21 (0.68, 2.17)  
Religion   0.99   0.64
 Catholic 1   1  
 Protestant 1.04 (0.77, 1.40)   1.26 (0.80, 1.98)  
 Evangelical and Pentecostal 1.05 (0.79, 1.40)   1.23 (0.78, 1.96)  
 Other Christianc 1.03 (0.66, 1.61)   0.86 (0.45, 1.65)  
 Muslim 1.01 (0.73, 1.40)   0.86 (0.54, 1.38)  
 Non-Christian Eastern 1.13 (0.62, 2.06)   1.41 (0.60, 3.32)  
 Otherc 1.16 (0.84, 1.60)   1.02 (0.59, 1.76)  
Decisions made for seeking health care for a pregnancy   0.88   0.77
 Both (ref) 1   1  
 Men 1.01 (0.74, 1.37)   1.24 (0.68, 2.27)  
 Women 1.06 (0.84, 1.34)   1.08 (0.75, 1.56)  
Decisions made for seeking health care for a child   0.21   0.31
 Both (ref) 1   1  
 Men 0.75 (0.54, 1.05)   1.00 (0.56, 1.77)  
 Women 1.04 (0.81, 1.33)   0.76 (0.53, 1.09)  
Children Under 5 years of age   0.02   0.02b
 None (ref) 1   1  
 2 1.24 (1.03, 1.48)   1.63 (1.12, 2.36)  
 4 1.53 (1.07, 2.18)   1.29 (0.95, 1.75)  
Monthly Income   0.04   0.33
 No Income (ref) 1   1  
 1-1000 Meticais 1.19 (0.99, 1.43)   1.17 (0.80, 1.70)  
 >1000 Meticais (> ≈ $1.00 USD/day) 1.41 (1.06, 1.86)   1.37 (0.90, 2.08)  
Electricity 0.95 (0.59, 1.55) 0.85 0.98 (0.57, 1.67) 0.94
Mobile Phone 1.37 (1.03, 1.84) 0.03 1.21 (0.77, 1.89) 0.4
Literacy (per 1 point) 1.00 (0.99, 1.00) 0.36 1.00 (0.99, 1.01) 0.61
Numeracy (per 1 point) 1.05 (1.03, 1.08) <0.01 1.02 (0.98, 1.06) 0.34
Negative Labeling and Devaluation Stigma Scale (0–100)   0.73   0.02b
 0 0.98 (0.88, 1.10)   0.91 (0.58, 1.42)  
 20 pts (ref) 1   1  
 40 1.02 (0.91, 1.15)   1.06 (0.80, 1.39)  
 60 1.04 (0.82, 1.32)   0.76 (0.51, 1.13)  
 80 1.07 (0.75, 1.52)   0.41 (0.23, 0.71)  
Social Exclusion Stigma Scale (0–100)   <0.01a   0.89
 0 0.54 (0.45, 0.65)   0.99 (0.88, 1.11)  
 20 pts (ref) 1   1  
 40 1.21 (1.08, 1.34)   1.01 (0.90, 1.13)  
 60 0.82 (0.65, 1.04)   1.02 (0.81, 1.28)  
 80 0.61 (0.47, 0.79)   1.02 (0.73, 1.45)  
Wellbeing (Chronic quality of life score) (per 10 points) 1.06 (1.00, 1.13) 0.05 0.94 (0.87, 1.02) 0.16
  1. Legend:
  2. aThere is evidence that age, education, and social exclusion stigma scale are non-linear with aware of VCT; these variables are modeled using restricted cubic splines.
  3. bThere is evidence that number of children under 5 and ‘Negative Labeling and Devaluation Stigma Scale’ are non-linear with ever tested in VCT; these variables are modeled using restricted cubic splines.
  4. c‘Other Christian’ includes LDS Mormon and Jehovah’s Witness. ‘Other’ includes Spiritual, Traditional Religions, and Agnostic or Atheist.