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Table 2 Association between anthropometric and cardiometabolic risk factors by socio-economic groups

From: Cardio-metabolic health risks in indigenous populations of Southeast Asia and the influence of urbanization

Risk factors Overall Socio-economic groups Significance
   UCFD RC DFHG p-value
BMI (kg/m 2 ) 22.90 (8.50) *27.35 (9.27) 21.74 (7.73) 20.37 (3.59) <0.0001
Waist circumference (cm) 79.0 (22.0) *90.0 (24.0) 71.3 (16.6) 71.3 (11.3) <0.0001
Systolic blood pressure (mm HG) 125 (23) 123 (24) 120 (23) *130 (23) <0.0001
Diastolic blood pressure (mm HG) 81 (15) 81 (15) 120 (23)* 84 (15) <0.0001
Total cholesterol (mmol/L) 4.90 (1.76) *5.18 (1.89) 4.81 (1.39) 4.05 (3.22) <0.0001
HDL (mmol/L) 1.18 (0.44) *1.36 (0.39) 1.13 (0.38) 0.99 (0.23) <0.0001
Triglyceride (mmol/L) 1.23 (0.77) 1.22 (0.76) 1.37 (0.95) 1.18 (0.79) 0.642
TG/HDL 1.06 (0.86) *0.899 (0.610) *1.179 (1.060) *3.250 (1.110) <0.0001
HbA1c (% [mmol/mol]) 5.2 (0.6) [33 (4)] *5.3 (0.8) [34 (5)] 5.0 (0.5) [31 (3)] 5.2 (0.5) [33 (3)] <0.0001
FPG (mmol/L) 5.08 (1.12) *5.30 (0.80) 4.46 (1.10) 4.90 (1.31)§ < 0.0001
HOMA-IR 3.20 (3.80) 3.15 (3.78) 2.95 (3.30) N/A 0.110
  1. §Random plasma glucose.
  2. Data in *bold is substantially different in a particular Socio-Economic group, compared to the other/s italicised SE group.
  3. Data expressed as median (interquartile range) with the exception of HbA1c expressed as Median HbA1c%(IQR) [Median mmol/mol (IQR)].
  4. Data calculated using IBM Statistics SPSS v21.0.