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Table 3 Tuberculosis risk factors and selected tuberculosis disease presentation

From: Tuberculosis risk factors among tuberculosis patients in Kampala, Uganda: implications for tuberculosis control

Independent variables Smear positive PR (SE), p value Abnormal chest x-ray PR (SE), p value Chronic cough PR (SE), p value
N (%) N (%) N (%)
Poverty       
Yes 17 (53.1) 1.10 (0.21) 12 (37.5) 1.07 (0.28) 15 (46.9) 0.81 (0.16
No 61 (48.4) 0.625 44 (34.9) 0.783 73 (57.9) 0.296
Overcrowding       
Yes 80 (57.6) 1.22 (0.15) 54 (38.9) 1.04 (0.17) 80 (57.6) 1.09 (0.12)
No 57 (47.1) 0.097 45 (37.2) 0.784 64 (52.9) 0.453
Smoking       
Yes 45 (58.4) 1.16 (0.14) 27 (35.1) 0.89 (0.16) 40 (52.0) 0.92 (0.12)
No 92 (50.6) 0.230 72 (39.6) 0.503 103 (56.6) 0.501
Alcohol use       
Yes 77 (55.8) 1.13 (0.14) 50 (36.2) 0.90 (0.14) 78 (56.5) 1.04 (0.12)
No 60 (49.2) 0.290 49 (40.2) 0.514 66 (54.1) 0.695
HIV infection       
Positive 128 (52.9) 1.1 (0.26) 90 (37.2) 0.74 (0.19) 137 (56.6) 1.46 (0.44)
Negative 9 (50.0) 0.817 9 (50.0) 0.237 7 (38.9) 0.212
  1. PR = Prevalence Ratio, SE = Standard Error.