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Table 5 Associations of socio-economic resources and not recommended feeding practices amongst children in Nicaragua

From: Socio-economic resources, young child feeding practices, consumption of highly processed snacks and sugar-sweetened beverages: a population-based survey in rural northwestern Nicaragua

  Highly processed snacks 6–35 m Sugar-sweetened beverages 6–35 m Exposed to double burden of suboptimal feeding16–35 m
  Unadjusted Adjusted 12 Adjusted 23 Unadjusted Adjusted 12 Adjusted 23 Unadjusted Adjusted 12 Adjusted 23
Socio-economic resources OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Housing quality4          
  Lowest 0.75 (0.55,1.02) 0.69** (0.50,0.97) 0.88 (0.62,1.25) 0.68** (0.50, 0.94) 0.67** (0.47,0.94) 0.76 (0.53,1.09) 1.03 (0.75,1.41) 1.00 (0.72,1.39) 1.15 (0.81,1.63)
  Middle 1.01 (0.73,1.38) 0.89 (0.64,1.24) 1.04 (0.74,1.46) 0.81 (0.59, 1.11) 0.73 (0.52,1.01) 0.78 (0.56,1.10) 1.04 (0.76,1.43) 1.00 (0.72,1.38) 1.08 (0.77,1.51)
  Highest Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref.
Maternal education4          
  <5 years 0.57** (0.41,0.81) 0.43** (0.30,0.61) 0.47** (0.32,0.68) 0.72 (0.52, 1.01) 0.59** (0.41,0.84) 0.68** (0.46,0.98) 0.74 (0.53,1.03) 0.66 (0.46,0.93)** 0.64 (0.44,0.92)**
  5-9 years 0.61** (0.43,0.85) 0.53** (0.37,0.75) 0.55** (0.39,0.79) 0.72 (0.52,1.00) 0.65** (0.46,0.91) 0.71 (0.50,1.00) 0.78 (0.57,1.08) 0.75 (0.54,1.04) 0.73 (0.52,1.03)
  ≥10 years Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref.
Household food insecurity4          
  Highest 0.66** (0.49,0.88) 0.68** (0.50,0.92) 0.78 (0.57,1.08) 0.62** (0.46,0.83) 0.70** (0.51,0.97) 0.76 (0.55,1.05) 0.95 (0.71,1.27) 0.93 (0.68,1.26) 0.98 (0.72,1.33)
  Middle 0.71** (0.53,0.96) 0.73** (0.54,0.99) 0.78 (0.58,1.07) 0.85 (0.63,1.13) 0.86 (0.64,1.17) 0.92 (0.68,1.25) 0.87 (0.65,1.17) 0.91 (0.67,1.23) 0.93 (0.69,1.26)
  Lowest Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref.
  1. OR, odds ratio; CI, confidence intervals; 1Based on children who had at least one unmet complementary feeding practice (minimum dietary diversity, minimum meal frequency or minimum acceptable diet) and who also consumed at least one highly processed snack or at least one sugar-sweetened beverage; 2Adjusted for child age, maternal age, municipality; 3Adjusted for housing quality, maternal education, household food insecurity, child age, maternal age, municipality; 4n/N-values may be larger in housing quality and household food insecurity analyses; **Significance level at <0.05.