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Table 4 Associations of socio-economic resources and WHO complementary feeding indicators amongst children in Nicaragua

From: Socio-economic resources, young child feeding practices, consumption of highly processed snacks and sugar-sweetened beverages: a population-based survey in rural northwestern Nicaragua

  Not met minimum dietary diversity16-35 m Not met minimum meal frequency26-35 m Not met minimum acceptable diet 6–35 m
  Unadjusted Adjusted 13 Adjusted 24 Unadjusted Adjusted 13 Adjusted 24 Unadjusted Adjusted 13 Adjusted 24
Socio-economic resources OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Housing quality5          
  Lowest 1.54** (1.11,2.14) 1.50** (1.05,2.15) 1.20 (0.82,1.74) 0.89 (0.65,1.22) 0.93 (0.67,1.30) 1.11 (0.78,1.58) 1.30 (0.95,1.77) 1.28 (0.92,1.77) 1.24 (0.88,1.75)
  Middle 1.10 (0.79,1.55) 1.19 (0.83,1.69) 1.03 (0.72,1.49) 0.89 (0.65,1.22) 0.89 (0.64,1.23) 0.99 (0.70,1.38) 1.10 (0.81,1.50) 1.14 (0.83,1.57) 1.13 (0.82,1.57)
  Highest Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref.
Maternal education5          
  <5 years 1.72** (1.19,2.48) 2.31** (1.57,3.42) 2.04** (1.36,3.08) 0.67** (0.48,0.93) 0.60** (0.42,0.85) 0.60** (0.41,0.86) 1.08 (0.78,1.51) 1.20 (0.85,1.69) 1.10 (0.77,1.59)
  5-9 years 1.66** (1.16,2.37) 1.81** (1.24,2.64) 1.70** (1.15,2.50) 0.76 (0.55,1.05) 0.75 (0.54,1.05) 0.76 (0.54,1.07) 1.02 (0.74,1.42) 1.07 (0.77,1.49) 1.02 (0.72,1.43)
  ≥10 years Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref.
Household food insecurity5          
  Highest 1.87** (1.38,2.53) 1.68** (1.21,2.33) 1.47** (1.05,2.05) 0.77 (0.57,1.03) 0.84 (0.62,1.14) 0.89 (0.65,1.21) 1.24 (0.92,1.66) 1.18 (0.87,1.60) 1.13 (0.83,1.54)
  Middle 1.29 (0.95,1.77) 1.31 (0.94,1.82) 1.21 (0.87,1.69) 0.78 (0.58,1.04) 0.76 (0.56,1.02) 0.78 (0.58,1.06) 0.99 (0.74,1.32) 0.98 (0.73,1.32) 0.95 (0.71,1.28)
  Lowest Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref.
  1. WHO, World Health Organization; OR, odds ratio; CI, confidence intervals; 1Criteria based on consumption of at least one food item of four of the seven food groups during the past day; 2Based on WHO guidelines considering age and breastfeeding status; 3Adjusted for child age, maternal age, municipality; 4Adjusted for housing quality, maternal education, household food insecurity, child age, maternal age, municipality; 5n/N-values may be larger in housing quality and household food insecurity analyses; **Significance level at <0.05.